The antinuclear antibody (ANA) test is used as a primary test to help evaluate a person for autoimmune disorders that affect many tissues and organs throughout the body and is most often used as one of the tests to help diagnose systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
The basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a frequently ordered panel of 8 tests that gives a health practitioner important information about the current status of a person's metabolism, including health of the kidneys, blood glucose level, and electrolyte and acid/base balance.
Coagulation factor tests measure the function of or sometimes the amount of these proteins in the blood. Blood clotting is a complex process that involves numerous coagulation factors, which are produced by the liver and blood vessels. Each coagulation factor is evaluated with one or more tests.
The sed rate test measures how fast red blood cells fall to the bottom of a tube. Inflammation creates proteins that make red blood cells fall more quickly. Another name for this test is erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Red blood cells are called erythrocytes. Sedimentation is the process by which they fall to the bottom of the tube.
Rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs) are screening tests for influenza virus infection. They can provide results within approximately 15 minutes. For a list of RIDTs approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), see Table 2: Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Tests (RIDTs).
The hemoglobin A1c test tells you your average level of blood sugar over the past 2 to 3 months. It's also called HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin test, and glycohemoglobin. People who have diabetes need this test regularly to see if their levels are staying within range.
What are immunology and serology? Immunology is the study of the body's immune system and its functions and disorders. Serology is the study of blood serum (the clear fluid that separates when blood clots). Immunology and serology laboratories focus on the following: Identifying antibodies.
The University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology Section of Laboratory Medicine is committed to being an international leader in all aspects of Laboratory Medicine (Clinical Pathology): patient care, academic productivity, and trainee development. To accomplish and maintain these missions, the Section must provide both career development and necessary facilities to faculty.
The partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is a screening test that helps evaluate a person's ability to appropriately form blood clots. It measures the number of seconds it takes for a clot to form in a person's sample of blood after substances are added.