Agaricus blazei is a type of edible medicinal mushroom grown in Brazil, Japan, and China. In Brazil, agaricus mushroom is known as "Cogumelo do Sol" and in Japan, it is known as "Himematsutake." Although research on the health effects of agaricus mushroom is very limited, some preliminary studies suggest that it may offer certain benefits.
Agaricus campestris, the Meadow Mushroom, is one of my absolute favorite fungi. One of the closest relatives to Agaricus bisporus (the common Button Mushroom, found in grocery stores all over the world), it is the brother who seems to have inherited twice the flavor.
The mushrooms range from small to medium in size, and are often found in urban settings--though some species occur in woods, as well. Research by Flynn and Miller (1990) determined at least five biological species in the Agrocybe praecox cluster, four of which occur in North America.
Amanita bisporigera is a deadly poisonous species of fungus in the family Amanitaceae. It is commonly known as the eastern North American destroying angel or just as the destroying angel, although the fungus shares this latter name with three other lethal white Amanita species, A. ocreata, A. verna and A. virosa.
As of this writing the most current data (Nuhn and collaborators, 2013) supports placement in Boletinellus--in a basal position to the Boletinae, suggesting that Boletinellus merulioides is a crocodile-like species in that it has been around since long before the evolution of most of its close relatives.
Polyporus squamosus aka Cerioporus squamosus (yet to be confirmed new taxonomy) is a basidiomycete bracket fungus, with common names including dryad's saddle and pheasant's back mushroom. It has a widespread distribution, being found in North America, Australia, Asia, and Europe, where it causes a white rot in the heartwood of living and dead hardwood trees.
Mushrooms, sometimes called toadstools, are the visible reproductive (fruiting) structures of some types of fungi. Although the umbrella-shaped fruiting body is the most common and well known, mushrooms display a great variety of shapes, sizes, and colors.
Stinkhorn fungi are smelly, reddish orange mushrooms that may resemble a wiffle ball, an octopus or a straight stem up to 8 inches high. They don’t harm plants or cause disease. In fact, plants benefit from the presence of stinkhorn mushrooms because they break down rotting material into a form plants can use for nourishment. If it weren’t for their horrible smell, gardeners would welcome their brief visit in the garden.
The Death Cap (Amanita phalloides): An Easy Mushroom to Identify The Death Cap can be easily diagnosed as such. The cap is 2¼--6" (6--16 cm) wide, smooth, with greenish to yellowish pigments, usually sticky or slippery but sometimes dry, often adorned with one to several patches of thin white veil tissue.
The fawn mushroom has a tell tale “nipple” on its cap, called being umbonate; Very young mushrooms may have a totally brown cap; These are decent sized mushrooms, I usually pick ones that have caps at least 4 inches in diameter. As the mushroom grows older, it’s cap might flip up like an umbrella as it shoots its spores and matures.
Stinkhorn fungi are smelly, reddish orange mushrooms that may resemble a wiffle ball, an octopus or a straight stem up to 8 inches high. They don’t harm plants or cause disease. In fact, plants benefit from the presence of stinkhorn mushrooms because they break down rotting material into a form plants can use for nourishment.
Click here to learn more about mushrooms in lawns. Lawn mushrooms are a common landscaping problem, but mushrooms growing in the lawn can be easily fixed if you know how. This article will help with that. Click here to learn more about mushrooms in lawns.
The Fairy Inkcap, Coprinellus disseminatus, rarely ventures forth alone or even with just a few friends; more often it forms dense masses swarming over rotting tree stumps and roots. These gregarious little fungi occur from early spring until the onset of winter, and they are at their most spectacular when the caps are young and pale - sometimes nearly pure white.
When and where to find them The Parasol Mushroom may be found on lawns, trail or woods edges, and in the woods. They may or may not be near trees although the can have a preference for certain trees. Oak or white pine or other conifers are good places to look but they can be in any mixed woods. Large specimens are often found on lawns sometimes ...
An unusual mushroom, the fluted saddle may pop up near coniferous trees. It falls into the group of shrooms that have a "head" rather than a cap like a "normal" mushroom. Don't be stupid and confuse the fluted saddle with a stinkhorn, which you're much more likely to find.
Helvella Lacunosa — "Elf’s Saddle" Much is unknown about mushrooms in this family, and reports of toxicity vary. The bottom line, however, is that the species should be avoided. With a gray “saddle” and lighter stem, the fungus is found throughout Europe and most of North America in woodland areas. Its common name is derived from its distinctive and fanciful appearance.
[ Basidiomycota > Agaricales > Lyophyllaceae > Hypsizygus . . . by Michael Kuo Although the mushrooms involved are not particularly difficult to recognize, there has been a lot of confusion in field guides and technical treatments about Hypsizygus tessulatus and its close relative Hypsizygus ulmarius.
First among them is the shaggy mane, or shaggy ink cap. The crown jewel of the inky lawn mushroom world, it is a common occurrence in lawns in springtime. It MUST grow at the base of a dead or dying hardwood. It will never occur on the ground where trees are not present.
Inocybe rimosa [Basidiomycetes > Agaricales > Cortinariaceae > Inocybe. . . ] by Michael Kuo. If there is a mushroom that epitomizes the genus Inocybe--and why it is that the mushrooms in this genus are so unpopular among amateur (and professional) mushroom folks--it is Inocybe rimosa, also known as Inocybe fastigiata.
Lepista irina H.E. Bigelow - Flowery Blewit. Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Agaricales - Family: Tricholomataceae. Distribution - Taxonomic History - Etymology - Identification - Culinary Notes - Reference Sources. An uncommon woodland species, the Flowery Blewit owes its common name to a distinctive flowery (not floury!) odour.
Leucoagaricus leucothites [ Basidiomycota > Agaricales > Agaricaceae > Leucoagaricus . . . by Michael Kuo. This common mushroom, also known as Leucoagaricus naucinus and, in older sources, Lepiota naucina, appears in lawns across North America--typically in fall, but occasionally in spring and summer as well.
Marasmius oreades grows extensively throughout North America and Europe in the summer and autumn (fall) (June - November in the UK), or year-round in warmer climates. It loves grassy areas such as lawns, meadows, and even dunes in coastal areas.
Mica Caps The mica cap is another edible ink cap that is totally safe and boasts a good flavor, though not quite on par with the shaggy mane. The mica cap is easily distinguishable from the alcohol ink cap and shaggy mane because of its tawny brown caps, which have defined radial grooves extending almost to the center.
Panaeolus semiovatus var. semiovatus, also known as Panaeolus semiovatus and Anellaria separata, is a medium-sized buff-colored mushroom/toadstool that grows on horse dung, and has black spores. While some guides list this species as edible, a few people experience gastric upset after consumption.
Pear-shaped, yellowish brownish puffball with a pore at the top. Grows in large clusters on decaying wood. July–November. Fruiting body pear-shaped; outside yellowish to brownish; inside pure white; surface with tiny warts; base attached to wood by strands of mycelium. When mature, a pore opening at the top releases spores. Spore print olive brown.
Peziza vesiculosa. Common Dung Cup. Order Pezizales, Family Pezizaceae. FRUITING BODY: ALMOST A HOLLOW BALL, BECOMING CUP-SHAPED. Entire mushroom: 3-8 cm wide; rounded at first, becoming cup-shaped; outward-facing surface yellowish to brownish; underside lighter; interior flesh sometimes wrinkled or blistered
In the UK, Leucocoprinus birnbaumii has been given the recommended common name of "plantpot dapperling". In North America, it has also been called the "yellow parasol", "flowerpot parasol", "yellow houseplant mushroom", "lemon-yellow lepiota", or "yellow pleated parasol".
If you have a lawn and you don't smother it in weedkillers and fertilisers, this is one of the little mushrooms that you are likely to see there in summer and autumn. You need to get up early in the morning to see Parasola plicatilis at its very best, because by afternoon the stem usually begins to collapse under the weight of the darkening cap. Taxonomic history. This Inkcap was first ...
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Shaggy Parasol! Once upon a time. To translate Shaggy Parasol into a Latin name is a little harder and brings us to the history of naming mushrooms. David Arora’s “Mushrooms Demystified” lists this species as Lepiota rachodes and also mentions two other genus names for this species: Leucoagaricus and Macrolepiota.
Commonly referred to as the Weeping Widow, because of the black, watery droplets that appear at the cap rim and on te edges of the gills when they are moist, this large grassland fungus is an occasional species in parkland, open woodland, lawns, fields and roadside verges.
Mixing a dilute milk spray for lawns and plants is simple. Mix 3 1/4 cups of milk in a 2 gallon pump sprayer to treat 500-1,000 square feet of lawn and apply once every week or two before any signs of disease develop. I sometimes get the milk that comes in pouches that make 1 quart.
This colourful little mushroom of rich grassland and roadside verges (and found occasionally also on damp woodchip mulch) is one of the shortest-lived of all mushrooms. It goes from a yellow 'egg on a stick' via a pinkish parasol stage to a mid-to-dark brown or, in hot dry weather, light ochre mushroom in less than a day.
Click the images below to learn more about common urban mushroom species. Agaricus arvensis Horse Mushroom. Agaricus bernardii No common name. Agaricus bitorquis Urban Mushroom. Agaricus campestris Meadow Mushroom, Pink Bottom. Agaricus xanthodermus Yellow Foot Agaricus. Agrocybe pediades group Common agrocybe. Agrocybe praecox group Spring agrocybe. Amanita bisporigera Destroying Angel, Death ...