A lever (/ ˈ l iː v ər / or US: / ˈ l ɛ v ər /) is a simple machine consisting of a beam or rigid rod pivoted at a fixed hinge, or fulcrum. A lever is a rigid body capable of rotating on a point on itself. On the basis of the location of fulcrum, load and effort, the lever is divided into three types.
Levers and pulleys are two types of simple machines that allow people to use less energy when performing work. A simple lever is a long pole or platform used to lift an object. In a simple pulley system, a rope looped around a wheel is used to raise and lower objects.
Like scissors, shears combine slightly offset jaws to cut material through physical shear, and combine this with levers to apply a considerable shear force. Shears are usually intended for cutting much heavier material, such as leather, than scissors do.
In a wheel and axle, the fulcrum is in the center. The outside rim of the wheel is like the handle of a lever; it just wraps all the way around. A pulley is just what it looks like, a wheel and axle with a groove to hold a rope around the outside edge. 3 A lever helps you do more work than you could do by yourself.