Receive a B.A. in Linguistics, coupled with courses in computer sciences, philosophy or psychology, and go on for a Ph.D. in Cognitive Science in order to teach at a college or university or to work in industry on problems involving language and artificial intelligence.
Linguistics is the science of language, including the sounds, words, and grammar rules. Words in languages are finite, but sentences are not. It is this creative aspect of human language that sets it apart from animal languages, which are essentially responses to stimuli.
This course serves as an introduction to the current research questions in phonological theory. Topics include metrical and prosodic structure, features and their phonetic basis in speech, acquisition and parsing, phonological domains, morphology, and language change and reconstruction.
Empires of the Word: A Language History of the World , written by Nicholas Ostler, is an immensely learned book with an ambitious project: to recount world history from the births and demises of languages. From the cuneiforms engraved on the baked clay in 3000 BC to the gloablisation of English in the twenty-first century, Ostler narrated this 5000 years of history from the perspective of languages – an approach, in his terminology, called ‘language dynamics’.
The Linguistic Society of America observes that linguistics is a field of science that is almost 3,000 years old. Modern linguists primarily concern themselves with either theoretical or applied linguistics. Their research includes many facets of language and language structure, which can be studied at various levels.
Key Linguistic Terms and Concepts . Alexandre Kimenyi . The following linguistic terms and concepts should be known by all students of linguistics. They should be not only familiar with them, but be also able to define them, explain them and give examples. They are not alphabetically ordered.
In cognitive linguistics, conceptual metaphor, or cognitive metaphor, refers to the understanding of one idea, or conceptual domain, in terms of another. An example of this is the understanding of quantity in terms of directionality (e.g. "the price of peace is rising").
Quantitative Methods in Linguistics offers a practical introduction to statistics and quantitative analysis with data sets drawn from the field and coverage of phonetics, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, historical linguistics, and syntax, as well as probability distribution and quantitative methods.
Fully revised and updated for the second edition, this invaluable work is the most authoritative dictionary of linguistics of its kind available.The dictionary covers every aspect of this multidisciplinary field, including sociolinguistics, language theory and history, language families, and major languages from all over the world (including major national/regional dialects), phonetics, formal semantics, and key figures and ideas in linguistics.
But underneath, they are essentially the same, running on a common grammatical operating system. The Canadian cognitive scientist Steven Pinker has dubbed this capacity our ‘language instinct’. There are two basic arguments for the existence of this language instinct. The first is the problem of poor teachers.
Mother tongue is a traditional term for a person's native language—that is, a language learned from birth. Also called a first language, dominant language, home language, and native tongue (although these terms are not necessarily synonymous). Contemporary linguists and educators commonly use the term L1 to refer to a first or native language (the mother tongue), and the term L2 to refer to ...
Careers with a B.A. in Linguistics Plus 2-3 Years of Additional Graduate Training Receive a B.A. in Linguistics and go on for a Masters degree in education in order to teach English as a second language in the U.S. or to teach a foreign language in an American school.
Chapter 1: What is language? 2 Like most modern studies of linguistics, this book is descriptive rather than prescriptive. It is not within the scope of the book to judge which of the following sentences is the more correct: A. I can't get no satisfaction. B. I can't get any satisfaction.