Also called AAT deficiency, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a genetic disease, which means it's passed down from your parents. It can cause serious lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It can also cause liver disease that leads to jaundice, which makes your skin look yellowish.
Summary Summary. Antisynthetase syndrome is a chronic autoimmune condition that affects the muscles and various other parts of the body. The signs and symptoms can vary but may include muscle inflammation (myositis), polyarthritis (inflammation of many joints), interstitial lung disease, thickening and cracking of the hands, and Raynaud phenomenon.
Chalicosis or Flint's Disease – This is a pathological condition of lungs in which there is scarring of lung tissues as a result of chronic inhalation of stone dust. This disease is usually found in stonecutters. Chalicosis or Flint's Disease causes inflammation of the bronchioles causing respiratory difficulties.
Combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) are a possible new addition to a growing list of smoking-related lung disease characterised by the coexistence of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) or nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) with emphysema in smokers.
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disorder that causes severe damage to the lungs, digestive system and other organs in the body. Cystic fibrosis affects the cells that produce mucus, sweat and digestive juices. These secreted fluids are normally thin and slippery.
Classic symptoms of EGPA What causes EGPA? How is EGPA diagnosed? Treatment and Course of EGPA First Description Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGP), formerly known as the Churg-Strauss Syndrome , is a systemic vasculitis. This disease was first described in 1951 by Dr. Jacob Churg and Dr. Lotte Strauss […] Appointments • Support Our Center. Johns Hopkins Vasculitis Center ...
Flock worker's lung is an occupational lung disease caused by exposure to flock, small fibers that are glued to a backing in order to create a specific texture. People who work in flocking are at risk of inhaling small pieces of the flock fibers, which causes interstitial lung disease.
Ghon's complex is a lesion seen in the lung that is caused by tuberculosis. The lesions consist of a calcified focus of infection and an associated lymph node. These lesions are particularly common in children and can retain viable bacteria, so are sources of long-term infection and may be involved in reactivation of the disease in later life.
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis is an uncommon disorder that causes inflammation of the blood vessels in your nose, sinuses, throat, lungs and kidneys. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis, formerly called Wegener's granulomatosis, is one of a group of blood vessel disorders called vasculitis.
A answered. High-altitude pulmonary edema is a form of severe altitude illness. It is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the lungs fill with edema or fluid. Those with high-altitude pulmonary edema will commonly complain of extreme fatigue and shortness of breath (even at rest).
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (or idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis; IPH) is a lung disease of unknown cause that is characterized by alveolar capillary bleeding and accumulation of haemosiderin in the lungs. It is rare, with an incidence between 0.24 and 1.23 cases per million people.
Lycoperdonosis is a respiratory disease caused by the inhalation of large amounts of spores from mature puffballs. It is classified as a hypersensitivity pneumonitis (also called extrinsic allergic alveolitis)—an inflammation of the alveoli within the lung caused by hypersensitivity to inhaled natural dusts.
Dozens of different types of bacteria can cause pneumonia: The most common type of bacterial pneumonia is pneumococcal pneumonia, affecting over 900,000 Americans every year. Atypical pneumonia is caused by bacteria such as Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Chlamydophila pneumoniae.
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare lung disease in which abnormal accumulation of pulmonary surfactant occurs within the microscopic air sacs in the lung, interfering with the ability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide from the blood.
Pulmonary aspiration is the entry of material (such as pharyngeal secretions, food or drink, or stomach contents) from the oropharynx or gastrointestinal tract into the larynx (voice box) and lower respiratory tract (the portions of the respiratory system from the trachea—i.e., windpipe—to the lungs).
Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis (PCH) is a rare disorder of alveolar capillary proliferation that clinically masquerades as idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, or pulmonary venoocclusive disease (PVOD). The distinction of PCH or PVOD from idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension is important, because pulmonary vasodilators may be deleterious in patients with PCH and PVOD.
A pulmonary contusion, also known as lung contusion, is a bruise of the lung, caused by chest trauma. As a result of damage to capillaries, blood and other fluids accumulate in the lung tissue. The excess fluid interferes with gas exchange, potentially leading to inadequate oxygen levels .
Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is one of a family of related diseases called interstitial lung diseases that can result in lung scarring. As the lung tissue becomes scarred, it interferes with a person's ability to breathe. In some cases, the cause of pulmonary fibrosis can be found.
Pulmonary hemorrhage is a catastrophic acute discharge of blood or continuous bleeding from the lung, upper respiratory tract, endotracheal tube or alveoli. Know the causes, symptoms, treatment, diagnosis, epidemiology, pathophysiology and complications of pulmonary hemorrhage.
Twenty percent to 30% of people have some permanent lung damage. For a small number of people, sarcoidosis is a chronic condition. In some people, the disease may result in the deterioration of the affected organ. Rarely, sarcoidosis can be fatal. Death usually is the result of complications with the lungs, heart, or brain.
Surfactant dysfunction is a lung disorder that causes breathing problems. This condition results from abnormalities in the composition or function of surfactant, a mixture of certain fats (called phospholipids) and proteins that lines the lung tissue and makes breathing easy.
Swimming-induced pulmonary edema. Swimming induced pulmonary edema (SIPE), also known as immersion pulmonary edema, occurs when fluids from the blood leak abnormally from the small vessels of the lung (pulmonary capillaries) into the airspaces (alveoli).