Wet beriberi specially affects the cardiovascular system and other bodily systems. Infantile beriberi affects the babies of malnourished mothers. Gastrointestinal beriberi affects the digestive system and other bodily systems. Dry beriberi. Dry beriberi causes wasting and partial paralysis resulting from damaged peripheral nerves.
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Pellagra is a disease caused by a lack of the vitamin niacin (vitamin B 3). Symptoms include inflamed skin, diarrhea, dementia, and sores in the mouth. Areas of the skin exposed to either sunlight or friction are typically affected first. Over time affected skin may become darker, stiff, begin to peel, or bleed.
Protein–energy malnutrition (PEM) refers to a form of malnutrition which is defined as a range of pathological conditions arising from coincident lack of protein and/or energy in varying proportions.The condition vary in forms ranging from mild through moderate to severe degrees.
Rickets is a disorder that often occurs during childhood in which the bones become weak and deformed. It is a condition usually linked to malnutrition. The condition remains rare in the United States, but statistics on rickets have shown an increase in the number of people diagnosed since the year 2000.
Scurvy is a disease resulting from a lack of vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Early symptoms include weakness, feeling tired, and sore arms and legs. Without treatment, decreased red blood cells, gum disease, changes to hair, and bleeding from the skin may occur.