If rickets is caused by a poor diet, the patient should be given daily calcium and vitamin D supplements and an annual vitamin D injection, as well as being encouraged to eat vitamin-D-rich foods. When treating rickets that has a genetic cause, the patient will be prescribed phosphorus medications and active vitamin D hormones.
Endemic goiter. Endemic goiter is an iodine-deficiency disease (IDD) that occurs in those areas where the iodine content of the soil is so low that insufficient iodine is obtained through food and water and occurs when no provision is made for supplying iodized salt.
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A vitamin B3 niacin deficiency is attributed to causing the disease called pellagra, which is usually seen in poverty stricken areas or in those with alcoholism. Pellagra symptoms include weak muscles, digestive problems, and skin inflammation and irritation.
Protein–energy malnutrition (PEM) refers to a form of malnutrition which is defined as a range of pathological conditions arising from coincident lack of protein and/or energy in varying proportions.The condition vary in forms ranging from mild through moderate to severe degrees.
Rickets is a disorder that often occurs during childhood in which the bones become weak and deformed. It is a condition usually linked to malnutrition. The condition remains rare in the United States, but statistics on rickets have shown an increase in the number of people diagnosed since the year 2000.
Three specific diseases have been associated with selenium deficiency: Keshan Disease, which results in an enlarged heart and poor heart function in selenium-deficient children; Kashin-Beck Disease, which results in osteoarthritis in children; and Myxedematous Endemic Cretinism, which results in mental retardation in infants born to mothers deficient in both selenium and iodine.
Sun Simiao (581–682 CE) was the first person in medical history to document the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of beriberi (leg edema due to vitamin B1 deficiency), a deficiency disease caused by lack of vitamin B1. For this, he prescribed combinations of herbs rich in vitamin B1 and unpolished rice (the outer layer of rice and other grains rich in B vitamins).
Scurvy is a condition characterised by general weakness, anaemia, gingivitis (gum disease), and skin haemorrhages caused by a prolonged deficiency of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in the diet. Vitamin C plays a crucial role in the formation of collagen, a major component of connective tissue.
Particular attention must be given to the suboptimal intake of zinc which results in growth retardation. The single most important cause of nutritional growth retardation (NGR) worldwide is poverty related malnutrition involving multiple macro-and-micro nutrient deficits.