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Types of Mangroves

Avicennia ​Alba​
Avicennia ​Alba​

Avicennia alba is a species of tropical mangrove in the family Acanthaceae. In the Malay language it is known as api api putih, "api" meaning "fire", referring to the fact that this mangrove attracts fireflies, and "putih" meaning "white", referring to the pale-coloured underside of the leaves.

Avicennia ​Marina​
Avicennia ​Marina​

Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas.

image: cepolina.com
Avicennia ​Officinalis​
Avicennia ​Officinalis​

Avicennia officinalis is a species of mangrove also known as Indian mangrove. The young tree forms a low, dense bushy crown. When it matures, it forms a columnar tree up to 15 m and may grow up to 30 m.

Avicennia ​Rumphiana​
Avicennia ​Rumphiana​

Description. Avicennia rumphiana is one of the tallest mangroves sometimes growing to 30 m (98 ft) tall with a girth of 3 m (10 ft) but is usually much smaller than this.

Black ​Mangrove​
Black ​Mangrove​

White mangroves are the least cold-tolerant of the three mangrove species found in Florida, occurring from Levy County and Volusia County southward in Florida. This small tree or shrub grows rapidly in rich soils to heights of 50 feet (15 m).

Bruguiera ​Cylindrica​
Bruguiera ​Cylindrica​

Bruguiera cylindrica is a mangrove in the family Rhizophoraceae. In the Malay language it is known as bakau putih. It grows in mangrove swamps in south east Asia.

image: mangrove.at
Bruguiera ​Gymnorhiza​
Bruguiera ​Gymnorhiza​

Bruguiera gymnorhiza, spelled Bruguiera gymnorrhiza until the turn of the millennium, belongs to the "true mangroves" and is very common in the Orient. The name gymnorhiza comes from two Greek words "gymno" naked and "rhiza" root, naked root which refers to the exposed knee roots of Bruguiera gymnorhiza emerging from the ground.

source: mangrove.at
image: mangrove.at
Ceriops ​Decandra​
Ceriops ​Decandra​

Ceriops; Ceriops tagal: ... Ceriops is a genus of mangroves in family Rhizophoraceae. ... Ceriops roxburghiana Arn. synonym of Ceriops decandra ...

image: mesa.edu.au
Ceriops Tagal​
Ceriops Tagal​

Ceriops tagal (spurred mangrove, Indian mangrove, Afrikaans: Indiese wortelboom, Zulu: Isinkaha) is a mangrove tree species in the family Rhizophoraceae. It is a protected tree in South Africa. The specific epithet tagal is a plant name from the Tagalog language.

image: qjure.com
Green ​Buttonwood​
Green ​Buttonwood​

Conocarpus erectus, commonly called buttonwood or button mangrove, ... Conocarpus erectus var. erectus - green buttonwood, leaves thinly hairy or hairless;

Kandelia ​Candel​
Kandelia ​Candel​

Kandelia candel is a species of mangrove in the family Rhizophoraceae, found around the coasts of South Asia and Southeast Asia, from western India to Borneo. Populations further east, from Vietnam to Japan were formerly included in K. candel, but are now considered a separate species, K. obovata.

image: snipview.com
Laguncularia​
Laguncularia​

Subsistence use of Laguncularia for fuelwood occurs (Kovacs 1999). All mangrove ecosystems occur within mean sea level and high tidal elevations, and have distinct species zonations that are controlled by the elevation of the substrate relative to mean sea level.

image: alamy.com
Lanceolate-​Leafed Apple Mangrove​
Lanceolate-​Leafed Apple Mangrove​

List of mangrove tree species of Australia Family Genus Species Common name/s ... Red-flowered Apple Mangrove: lanceolata: Lanceolate-leafed Apple Mangrove: X gulngai:

image: mesa.edu.au
Loop-Root ​Mangrove​
Loop-Root ​Mangrove​

Mangroves once covered three-quarters of the world's tropical coastlines, with Southeast Asia hosting the greatest diversity. Only 12 species live in the Americas. Mangroves range in size from small bushes to the 60-meter giants found in Ecuador. Within a given mangrove forest, different species occupy distinct niches.

source: amnh.org
image: alamy.com
Lumnitzera​
Lumnitzera​

In Kenya, Lumnitzera racemosa grows on the terrestrial edge of the mangroves as a shrub more commonly than as a tree.

source: madeinnys.com
Nipa Palm​
Nipa Palm​

Nypa fruticans, commonly known as the nipa palm (or simply nipa) or mangrove palm, is a species of palm native to the coastlines and estuarine habitats of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the only palm considered adapted to the mangrove biome.

Red ​Mangrove​
Red ​Mangrove​

Rhizophora mangle, known as the red mangrove, is distributed in estuarine ecosystems throughout the tropics. Its viviparous "seeds," in actuality called propagules, become fully mature plants before dropping off the parent tree. These are dispersed by water until eventually embedding in the shallows.

Rhizophora × ​Lamarckii​
Rhizophora × ​Lamarckii​

Rhizophora × lamarckii is a hybrid of Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora stylosa. Found in the Indo-West Pacific region within the Indomalaya biome in the Sunda Shelf mangroves ecoregion, the hybrid is widespread and shares many characters of its parents.

image: ukm.my
Rhizophora ​Stylosa​
Rhizophora ​Stylosa​

Rhizophora stylosa, the Stilted Mangrove, is the ubiquitous mangrove of Australia and also very common in the Indonesian Archipelago where Rhizophora stylosa grows next to Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora mucronata.

source: mangrove.at
image: mangrove.at
Sonneratia ​Alba​
Sonneratia ​Alba​

Sonneratia is a genus of plants in the family Lythraceae. Formerly the Sonneratia were placed in a family called Sonneratiaceae which included both the Sonneratia and the Duabanga, but these two are now placed in their own monotypic subfamilies of the family Lythraceae.

image: hawaii.edu
Sonneratia ​Caseolaris​
Sonneratia ​Caseolaris​

The Mangrove apple (Sonneratia alba) is the most widespread of the Mangrove trees (genus Sonneratia, family Lythraceae). They are found from East Africa through the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, northern Australia, Borneo and Pacific Islands.

source: eol.org
Sonneratia ​Ovata​
Sonneratia ​Ovata​

Sonneratia is a genus of plants in the family Lythraceae. Formerly the Sonneratia were placed in a family called Sonneratiaceae which included both the Sonneratia and the Duabanga, but these two are now placed in their own monotypic subfamilies of the family Lythraceae.