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Types of map Projections

Aitoff Projection
Aitoff Projection

The Aitoff projection is a modified azimuthal map projection proposed by David A. Aitoff in 1889. Based on the equatorial form of the azimuthal equidistant projection, Aitoff first halves longitudes, then projects according to the azimuthal equidistant, and then stretches the result horizontally into a 2:1 ellipse to compensate for having ...

Albers Projection
Albers Projection

The Albers equal-area conic projection, or Albers projection (named after Heinrich C. Albers), is a conic, equal area map projection that uses two standard parallels. . Although scale and shape are not preserved, distortion is minimal between the standard p

Azimuthal Equidistant Projection
Azimuthal Equidistant Projection

The azimuthal equidistant projection is an azimuthal map projection.It has the useful properties that all points on the map are at proportionately correct distances from the center point, and that all points on the map are at the correct azimuth (direction) from the center point.

Behrmann Projection
Behrmann Projection

Map Projections. Image of: Behrmann. Specified in [square brackets]: Actual size of the projection (minus the black or white background).

image: colorado.edu
Bonne Projection
Bonne Projection

Cybergeo article; Bonne Map Projection (manifold.net) Table of examples and properties of all common projections, from radicalcartography.net; An interactive Java Applet to study the metric deformations of the Bonne Projection

Cylindrical Equal-Area Projection
Cylindrical Equal-Area Projection

In cartography, the cylindrical equal-area projection is a family of cylindrical, equal-area map projections

Dymaxion map
Dymaxion map

The Dymaxion map or Fuller map is a projection of a world map onto the surface of an icosahedron, ... List of map projections; References

Eckert IV Projection
Eckert IV Projection

The Eckert IV projection is an equal-area pseudocylindrical map projection.The length of the polar lines is half that of the equator, and lines of longitude are semiellipses, or portions of ellipses.

Equidistant Conic Projection
Equidistant Conic Projection

In their normal and almost universally used polar aspect, the distinctive features of conic map projections are: meridians are straight equally-spaced lines, converging at a point which may or not be a pole.

source: progonos.com
Equirectangular Projection
Equirectangular Projection

The equirectangular projection (also called the equidistant cylindrical projection, geographic projection, or la carte parallélogrammatique projection, and which includes the special case of the plate carrée projection or geographic projection) is a simple map projection attributed to Marinus of Tyre, who Ptolemy claims invented the ...

image: snipview.com
Gall Stereographic Projection
Gall Stereographic Projection

The Gall stereographic projection, presented by James Gall in 1855, is a cylindrical projection.It is neither equal-area nor conformal but instead tries to balance the distortion inherent in any projection.

Gnomonic Projection
Gnomonic Projection

History. The gnomonic projection is said to be the oldest map projection, developed by Thales in the 6th century BC. The path of the shadow-tip or light-spot in a nodus-based sundial traces out the same hyperbolae formed by parallels on a gnomonic map.

Goode Homolosine Projection
Goode Homolosine Projection

The Goode homolosine projection (or interrupted Goode homolosine projection) is a pseudocylindrical, equal-area, composite map projection used for world maps.Normally it is presented with multiple interruptions.

Hammer Projection
Hammer Projection

Map Projections. Image of: Hammer. Specified in [square brackets]: Actual size of the projection (minus the black or white background).

HoboDyer Projection
HoboDyer Projection

Start studying Map Projections ... (In 1998 the National Geographic Society adopted this map as its standard projection for ... Hobo Dyer Projection a ...

source: quizlet.com
Kavrayskiy VII Projection
Kavrayskiy VII Projection

The Kavrayskiy VII projection is a map projection invented by Soviet cartographer Vladimir V. Kavrayskiy in 1939 for use as a general purpose pseudocylindrical projection. . Like the Robinson projection, it is a compromise intended to produce good quality maps with low distortion ove

image: nevron.com
Lambert Cylindrical Equal-Area Projection
Lambert Cylindrical Equal-Area Projection

Comparison of the Cylindrical equal-area projection and some cylindrical equal-area map projections ... The invention of the Lambert cylindrical equal-area projection ...

Mercator Projection
Mercator Projection

Mercator projection: Mercator projection, a map projection introduced by Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1569. The Mercator projection is a useful navigation tool, as a straight line on a Mercator map indicates a straight course, but it is not a practical world map, because of distortion of scale near the poles.

Miller Cylindrical Projection
Miller Cylindrical Projection

Map Projections Cylindrical Projections ... Miller's Cylindrical Projection. Miller's cylindrical projection The best-known (1942) ...

source: progonos.com
Mollweide Projection
Mollweide Projection

The Mollweide projection is an equal-area, pseudocylindrical map projection generally used for global maps of the world or night sky. It is also known as the Babinet projection, homalographic projection, homolographic projection, and elliptical projection.

Orthographic Projection in Cartography
Orthographic Projection in Cartography

The use of orthographic projection in cartography dates back to antiquity. Like the stereographic projection and gnomonic projection, orthographic projection is a perspective (or azimuthal) projection, in which the sphere is projected onto a tangent plane or secant plane.

Robinson Projection
Robinson Projection

The Robinson projection is a map projection of a world map which shows the entire world at once. It was specifically created in an attempt to find a good compromise to the problem of readily showing the whole globe as a flat image. The Robinson projection was devised by Arthur H. Robinson in 1963 in response to an appeal from the Rand McNally company, which has used the projection in general ...

Sinusoidal Projection
Sinusoidal Projection

The sinusoidal projection is a pseudocylindrical equal-area map projection, sometimes called the Sanson–Flamsteed or the Mercator equal-area projection.Jean Cossin of Dieppe was one of the first mapmakers to use the sinusoidal, appearing in a world map of 1570.

Stereographic Projection
Stereographic Projection

In geometry, the stereographic projection is a particular mapping that projects a sphere onto a plane. The ... map projections are preferred for navigation.

image: pixshark.com
Transverse Mercator Projection
Transverse Mercator Projection

The transverse Mercator map projection is an adaptation of the standard Mercator projection.The transverse version is widely used in national and international mapping systems around the world, including the UTM.

Van der Grinten Projection
Van der Grinten Projection

The van der Grinten projection is a compromise map projection, which means that it is neither equal-area nor conformal.Unlike perspective projections, the van der Grinten projection is an arbitrary geometric construction on the plane.

Web Mercator
Web Mercator

The Mercator projection is a cylindrical map projection presented by ... The Mercator Projections, ... deformations of the Mercator Projection. Web Mercator: ...