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Types of Molds

Alternaria ​Alternata​
Alternaria ​Alternata​

The mold Alternaria is a well recognized allergy causing fungus. Alternaria spores can be detected from spring through late fall in most temperate areas, and can reach levels of thousands of spores per cubic meter of air.

Alternaria ​Brassicicola​
Alternaria ​Brassicicola​

The mold Alternaria is a well recognized allergy causing fungus. Alternaria spores can be detected from spring through late fall in most temperate areas, and can reach levels of thousands of spores per cubic meter of air.

Alternaria ​Cucumerina​
Alternaria ​Cucumerina​

In the picture above, A. cucumerina is probably secondary to Fusarium infection and occurs as a dark-green to black mold. Alternaria cucumerina Alternria cucumerina is most common on melons and watermelons, although it can affect most cucurbit crops.

source: ag.umass.edu
Alternaria ​Solani​
Alternaria ​Solani​

The mold Alternaria is a well recognized allergy causing fungus. Alternaria spores can be detected from spring through late fall in most temperate areas, and can reach levels of thousands of spores per cubic meter of air.

Alternaria ​Tenuissima​
Alternaria ​Tenuissima​

Airborne spores of Alternaria alternata and Alternaria tenuissima are found in very high numbers in the outdoor environment during summer. The presence of Alternaria together with other molds such as Ulocladium spp, Stachybotrys spp, Fusarium spp and Phoma spp, in indoor environment is indicative of humid conditions.

Aspergillus ​Clavatus​
Aspergillus ​Clavatus​

The mold Aspergillus has close to 200 species and varieties. Aspergillus is widely distributed from the arctic region to the tropics. Aspergillus species are frequently found in air and soil.As concerns indoor air quality the most important species are Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus clavatus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus versicolor.

Aspergillus ​Flavus​
Aspergillus ​Flavus​

Aspergillus lives in the environment Aspergillus, the mold (a type of fungus) that causes aspergillosis, is very common both indoors and outdoors, so most people breathe in fungal spores every day. It’s probably impossible to completely avoid breathing in some Aspergillus spores.

source: cdc.gov
Aspergillus ​Fumigatus​
Aspergillus ​Fumigatus​

Aspergillus lives in the environment Aspergillus, the mold (a type of fungus) that causes aspergillosis, is very common both indoors and outdoors, so most people breathe in fungal spores every day. It’s probably impossible to completely avoid breathing in some Aspergillus spores.

source: cdc.gov
Aspergillus ​Glaucus​
Aspergillus ​Glaucus​

Aspergillus lives in the environment Aspergillus, the mold (a type of fungus) that causes aspergillosis, is very common both indoors and outdoors, so most people breathe in fungal spores every day. It’s probably impossible to completely avoid breathing in some Aspergillus spores.

source: cdc.gov
Aspergillus ​Nidulans​
Aspergillus ​Nidulans​

Aspergillus molds also grows well on materials rich in carbon which they feeds off for nutrients. However some species of Aspergillus molds can survive in environments with very little nutrients and can survive off very little moisture such as just the humidity in the air (known as xerophilic).

source: moldpedia.com
Aspergillus ​Niger​
Aspergillus ​Niger​

There are approximately 180 species of Aspergillus, but fewer than 40 of them are known to cause infections in humans. Aspergillus fumigatus is the most common cause of human Aspergillus infections. Other common species include A. flavus, A. terreus, and A. niger.

source: cdc.gov
Aspergillus ​Ochraceus​
Aspergillus ​Ochraceus​

Mold: Aspergillus ochraceus. Mycotoxin: Ochratoxin A. Health Effects: Ochratoxin A has been shown to interfere with cellular physiology in multiple ways. It inhibits synthesis of phenylalanine t-RNA complex, inhibits mitochondrial ATP production, and stimulates lipid peroxidation. It has been demonstrated to be Nephrotoxic, Hepatotoxic, and Carcinogenic and is a potent teratogen and immune ...

Aspergillus ​Penicillioides​
Aspergillus ​Penicillioides​

The mold Aspergillus has close to 200 species and varieties. Aspergillus is widely distributed from the arctic region to the tropics. Aspergillus species are frequently found in air and soil.As concerns indoor air quality the most important species are Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus clavatus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus versicolor.

Aspergillus ​Sojae​
Aspergillus ​Sojae​

Aspergillus sojae is a fungus species in the genus Aspergillus. In Japan it is used to make the ferment of soy sauce, miso, the mirin and other lacto-fermented condiments like tsukemono. Soy sauce is a condiment produced by fermenting soybeans with Aspergillus sojae, along with water and salt.

image: snipview.com
Aspergillus ​Sydowii​
Aspergillus ​Sydowii​

Aspergillus sydowii is a species of mold that is typically found in soil. It is the predominant fungus found on wheat and can contaminate food. Colonies of A. sydowii are blue-green with reddish-brown shades.

source: bustmold.com
image: quazoo.com
Aspergillus ​Terreus​
Aspergillus ​Terreus​

Aspergillus lives in the environment Aspergillus, the mold (a type of fungus) that causes aspergillosis, is very common both indoors and outdoors, so most people breathe in fungal spores every day. It’s probably impossible to completely avoid breathing in some Aspergillus spores.

source: cdc.gov
image: quazoo.com
Aspergillus ​Versicolor​
Aspergillus ​Versicolor​

The mold Aspergillus has close to 200 species and varieties. Aspergillus is widely distributed from the arctic region to the tropics. Aspergillus species are frequently found in air and soil.As concerns indoor air quality the most important species are Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus clavatus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus versicolor.

Black Bread ​Mold​
Black Bread ​Mold​

Rhizopus stolonifer is commonly known as black bread mold. It is a member of Zygomycota and considered the most important species in the genus Rhizopus. It is one of the most common fungi in the world and has a global distribution although it is most commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions.

image: ck12.org
Cladosporium ​Cladosporioides​
Cladosporium ​Cladosporioides​

Cladosporium, a well known trigger for asthmatic attacks, is one of the most widespread molds. Cladosporium includes about 40 different species. Cladosporium, a well known trigger for asthmatic attacks, is one of the most widespread molds.

image: alamy.com
Cladosporium ​Herbarum​
Cladosporium ​Herbarum​

What is Cladosporium Mold? If you have noticed a black pepper type substance growing in your toilet tank, it is most likely Cladosporium, the most common of all molds. It is categorized as Black Mold and the genus is Cladosporium, which includes over 30 species. The differences can only be detected under a microscope.

source: moldunit.com
image: bianoti.com
Fusarium ​Oxysporum​
Fusarium ​Oxysporum​

Fusarium may produce three types of spores: namely, macroconidia, microconidia, and chlamydospores (3). The macro and microconidia are the most likely to become airborne, but since they are produced in wet form they do not easily become aerosolized unless the mould is completely dry.

Fusarium ​Oxysporum fsp Lycopersici​
Fusarium ​Oxysporum fsp Lycopersici​

Fusarium species cause opportunistic infections of human eyes, skin or nails and may also cause systemic infections in individuals with weak immune system. Fusarium species cause opportunistic infections of human eyes, skin or nails and may also cause systemic infections in individuals with weak immune system.

Fusarium ​Proliferatum​
Fusarium ​Proliferatum​

Fusarium species (in particular F. proliferatum) are a major source of mycotoxins in food and feed as a result of these organisms contaminating agro-products, in particular cereals and especially maize.

source: phadia.com
Fusarium ​Sporotrichioides​
Fusarium ​Sporotrichioides​

Fusarium sporotrichiella var. sporotrichioides (Sherb.) Bilai, (1953) Fusarium sporotrichioides is a fungal plant pathogen, one of various Fusarium species responsible for damaging crops, in particular causing a condition known as Fusarium head blight in wheat, consequently being of notable agricultural and economic importance.

image: flickr.com
Fusarium ​Subglutinans​
Fusarium ​Subglutinans​

Fusarium subglutinans is a fungal plant pathogen. Taxonomy. Fusarium subglutinans is the anamorph of Gibberella fujikuroi. Fusarium strains in the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex cause diseases in a number of economically important plants. DNA sequencing data reveals the presence of two major groups representing cryptic species in F. subglutinans.

Mucor ​Hiemalis​
Mucor ​Hiemalis​

MBL provides a professional and comprehensive mold bacteria testing service. Mucor hiemalis. M. hiemalis is a soilborne fungus. Indoors, it is found in floor, carpet and mattress dust. Health Effects Associated With Mucor hiemalis. Little is known about the medical significance of M. hiemalis. Mucor plumbeus. M. plumbeus is a soilborne fungus found worldwide.

Mucor ​Mucedo​
Mucor ​Mucedo​

Mucor is a mold found in soil, plants, manure, decaying fruits, vegetables and as a common contaminant of stored and processed foods in the kitchen. There are about 50 species described worldwide and many plague water-damaged or moist building materials and can trigger allergies on exposed people.

Mucor ​Racemosus​
Mucor ​Racemosus​

Mucor racemosus is a rapidly growing, weedy mould belonging to the phylum, Zygomycota. It is one of the earliest fungi to be grown in pure culture and was first isolated in 1886. It has a worldwide distribution and colonizes many habitats such as vegetational products, soil and houses.

Penicillium ​Brevicompactum​
Penicillium ​Brevicompactum​

Penicillium chrysogenum is one of the most common indoor molds. It is extremely common on damp building materials, walls and wallpaper; floor, carpet mattress and upholstered-furniture dust. P. chrysogenum produces few detectable metabolites and often none when growing on building materials.

image: quazoo.com
Penicillium ​Camemberti​
Penicillium ​Camemberti​

Penicillium camemberti and Penicillium roqueforti are the molds on Camembert, Brie, Roquefort, and many other cheeses. Penicillium nalgiovense is used to improve the taste of sausages and hams, and to prevent colonization by other molds and bacteria.

image: uea.ac.uk
Penicillium ​Chrysogenum​
Penicillium ​Chrysogenum​

Penicillium chrysogenum is the most common Penicillium species in indoor environment. It is widespread and has a wide range of habitats. Penicillium chrysogenum is the most common Penicillium species in indoor environment.

image: junglekey.fr
Penicillium ​Digitatum​
Penicillium ​Digitatum​

For example, P. italicum and P. digitatum are common causes of rot of citrus fruits, while P. expansum is known to spoil apples. Penicillium chrysogenum is the most common species in indoor environment.

image: invasive.org
Penicillium ​Echinulatum​
Penicillium ​Echinulatum​

Penicillium is a group (Genus) of moulds found everywhere world-wide. It is the mould that saved millions of lives by producing the first ever known modern antibiotic, the penicillin. The discovery of penicillin from the fungus Penicillium chrysogenum (then known as Penicillium notatum) by Sir Alexander Fleming in 1928, perfected the treatment of bacterial infections.

Penicillium ​Expansum​
Penicillium ​Expansum​

Spores from this species of mold are found everywhere in the air and soil. As mentioned earlier, Penicillium species are one of the most common causes of spoilage of fruits and vegetables. For example, P. italicum and P. digitatum are common causes of rot of citrus fruits, while P. expansum is known to spoil apples.

Penicillium ​Glabrum​
Penicillium ​Glabrum​

Saprophytic species of Penicillium and Aspergillus are among the best-known representatives of the Eurotiales and live mainly on organic biodegradable substances. Commonly known in America as molds, they are among the main causes of food spoilage, especially species of subgenus Penicillium. Many species produce highly toxic mycotoxins.

Penicillium ​Glaucum​
Penicillium ​Glaucum​

Penicillium is a group (Genus) of moulds found everywhere world-wide. It is the mould that saved millions of lives by producing the first ever known modern antibiotic, the penicillin. The discovery of penicillin from the fungus Penicillium chrysogenum (then known as Penicillium notatum) by Sir Alexander Fleming in 1928, perfected the treatment of bacterial infections.

Penicillium ​Herquei​
Penicillium ​Herquei​

Penicillium is a group (Genus) of moulds found everywhere world-wide. It is the mould that saved millions of lives by producing the first ever known modern antibiotic, the penicillin. The discovery of penicillin from the fungus Penicillium chrysogenum (then known as Penicillium notatum) by Sir Alexander Fleming in 1928, perfected the treatment of bacterial infections.

Penicillium ​Marneffei​
Penicillium ​Marneffei​

Penicillium species are usually regarded as unimportant in terms of causing human disease. Penicillium marneffei, now called Talaromyces marneffei, discovered in 1956, is an exception.

Penicillium ​Roqueforti​
Penicillium ​Roqueforti​

Penicillium roqueforti is a common saprotrophic fungus from the family Trichocomaceae. Widespread in nature, it can be isolated from soil, decaying organic matter, and plants. The major industrial use of this fungus is the production of blue cheeses, flavouring agents, antifungals, polysaccharides, proteases and other enzymes.

Rhizopus ​Oligosporus​
Rhizopus ​Oligosporus​

Rhizopus oligosporus is a fungus of the family Mucoraceae and is a widely used starter culture for the production of tempeh at home and industrially. As the mold grows it produces fluffy, white mycelia, binding the beans together to create an edible "cake" of partly catabolized soybeans.

Rhizopus ​Oryzae​
Rhizopus ​Oryzae​

Rhizopus(Rhizopus Oryzae) Species Information. The genus Rhizopus is a cosmopolitan fungus with a worldwide distribution. It a member of the division Zygomycota unlike other indoor air fungi. Rhizopus(Rhizopus Oryzae) Scientific Information. The genus Rhizopus produces spores in structures called sporangia, which look like sacs of spores.

image: tempeh.info
Stachybotrys ​Chartarum​
Stachybotrys ​Chartarum​

Mold growing in homes and buildings, whether it is Stachybotrys chartarum (Stachybotrys atra) or other molds, indicates that there is a problem with water or moisture. This is the first problem that needs to be addressed.

source: cdc.gov
Trichoderma ​Harzianum​
Trichoderma ​Harzianum​

T. aggressivum (formerly T. harzianum biotype 4) is the causal agent of green mold, a disease of cultivated button mushrooms. Trichoderma viride is the causal agent of green mold rot of onion. [citation needed] A strain of Trichoderma viride is a known cause of dieback of Pinus nigra seedlings.

Trichoderma ​Longibrachiatum​
Trichoderma ​Longibrachiatum​

Trichoderma is a very common fungi present in nearly all soils. It contains many species and strains, of which some are saprophytic while others are pathogenic to other fungi such as Pythium. Trichoderma is also an opportunistic pathogen to humans and has been reported in the infection of immune-compromised children.

Trichoderma ​Reesei​
Trichoderma ​Reesei​

Trichoderma is a very common fungi present in nearly all soils. It contains many species and strains, of which some are saprophytic while others are pathogenic to other fungi such as Pythium. Trichoderma is also an opportunistic pathogen to humans and has been reported in the infection of immune-compromised children.

Trichoderma ​Viride​
Trichoderma ​Viride​

Generally, Trichoderma species require relatively higher water activity than some other indoor molds such as Penicillium or Aspergillus. Human infection by species of Trichoderma is limited to individuals with severely weakened immune systems. However, some species such as T. harzianum and T. viride are producers of potent mycotoxins.

Trichophyton ​Mentagrophytes​
Trichophyton ​Mentagrophytes​

Trichophyton is a genus of fungi, which includes the parasitic varieties that cause tinea, including athlete's foot, ringworm, jock itch, and similar infections of the nail, beard, skin and scalp. Trichophyton fungi are molds characterized by the development of both smooth-walled macro- and microconidia.

Trichophyton ​Rubrum​
Trichophyton ​Rubrum​

Trichophyton rubrum is a dermatophytic fungus in the phylum Ascomycota, class Euascomycetes. It is an exclusively clonal, anthropophilic saprotroph that colonizes the upper layers of dead skin, and is the most common cause of athlete's foot, fungal infection of nail, jock itch, and ringworm worldwide.

Trichophyton ​Tonsurans​
Trichophyton ​Tonsurans​

Trichophyton tonsurans causes tinea capitis infection globally, but it is especially endemic in Latin America (especially northern Brazil), Mexico, and Africa.

Trichophyton ​Verrucosum​
Trichophyton ​Verrucosum​

Trichophyton is a genus of fungi, which includes the parasitic varieties that cause tinea, including athlete's foot, ringworm, jock itch, and similar infections of the nail, beard, skin and scalp. Trichophyton fungi are molds characterized by the development of both smooth-walled macro- and microconidia.

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