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Types of Muscle Diseases

Becker
Becker

Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is one of nine types of muscular dystrophy, a group of genetic, degenerative diseases primarily affecting voluntary muscles. It is named after German doctor Peter Emil Becker, who first described this variant of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in the 1950s. BMD is similar to DMD but allows the voluntary muscles to function better than they do in DMD. The heart muscle, however, can be affected similarly to the way it is in DMD.

source: mda.org
image: dxline.info
Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD)
Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD)

Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is one of nine types of muscular dystrophy, a group of genetic, degenerative diseases primarily affecting voluntary muscles. It is named after German doctor Peter Emil Becker, who first described this variant of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in the 1950s.

source: mda.org
image: mda.org
Congenital
Congenital

Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD) What is congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD)? Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) refers to a group of muscular dystrophies that become apparent at or near birth. Muscular dystrophies in general are genetic, degenerative diseases primarily affecting voluntary muscles.

source: mda.org
image: mda.org
Congenital Muscular Dystrophies (CMD)
Congenital Muscular Dystrophies (CMD)

Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD) What is congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD)? Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) refers to a group of muscular dystrophies that become apparent at or near birth. Muscular dystrophies in general are genetic, degenerative diseases primarily affecting voluntary muscles.

source: mda.org
Distal
Distal

What is distal muscular dystrophy (DD)? First described in 1902, DD is a class of muscular dystrophies that primarily affect distal muscles, which are those of the lower arms, hands, lower legs and feet. Muscular dystrophies in general are a group of genetic, degenerative diseases primarily affecting voluntary muscles.

source: mda.org
image: mda.org
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) What is Duchenne muscular dystrophy? Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a genetic disorder characterized by progressive muscle degeneration and weakness.

source: mda.org
Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy (EDMD)
Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy (EDMD)

Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is one of nine types of muscular dystrophy, a group of genetic, degenerative diseases primarily affecting voluntary muscles. It is named for Alan Emery and Fritz Dreifuss, physicians who first described the disorder among a Virginia family in the 1960s.

source: mda.org
Facioscapulohumeral
Facioscapulohumeral

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a genetic muscle disorder in which the muscles of the face, shoulder blades and upper arms are among the most affected. What is facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy? Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a genetic muscle disorder in which the muscles of the face, shoulder blades and upper arms are among the most affected.

source: mda.org
Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrphy (FSHD)
Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrphy (FSHD)

Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (FSH, FSHD) What is facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy? Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a genetic muscle disorder in which the muscles of the face, shoulder blades and upper arms are among the most affected.

source: mda.org
Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia

Muscle pain, burning, twitching, or tightness; Low pain threshold or tender points; Draining fatigue; Trouble concentrating and remembering, called "fibro fog" Insomnia or not sleeping well; Feeling nervous, worried, or depressed; Fibromyalgia can feel similar to osteoarthritis, bursitis, and tendinitis.

source: webmd.com
Limb-Girdle
Limb-Girdle

Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) is a diverse group of disorders with many subtypes categorized by disease gene and inheritance. LGMD usually manifests in the proximal muscles around the hips and shoulders.

source: mda.org
Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies (LGMD)
Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies (LGMD)

Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) is a diverse group of disorders with many subtypes categorized by disease gene and inheritance. LGMD usually manifests in the proximal muscles around the hips and shoulders.

source: mda.org
Movement Disorders
Movement Disorders

Movement disorders are clinical syndromes with either an excess of movement or a paucity of voluntary and involuntary movements, unrelated to weakness or spasticity. Movement disorders are synonymous with basal ganglia or extrapyramidal diseases.

Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a long-lasting disease that can affect your brain, spinal cord, and the optic nerves in your eyes. It can cause problems with vision, balance, muscle control, and other basic body functions.

source: webmd.com
Muscle Cramps
Muscle Cramps

Although most muscle cramps are harmless, some may be related to an underlying medical condition, such as: Inadequate blood supply. Narrowing of the arteries that deliver blood to your legs (arteriosclerosis of the extremities) can produce cramp-like pain in your legs and feet while you're exercising.

Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that make muscles weaker and less flexible over time. It is caused by a problem in the genes that control how the body keeps muscles healthy. For some people, the disease starts early in childhood.

source: webmd.com
Myasthenia Gravis
Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease that causes weakness in the skeletal muscles, which are responsible for breathing and moving parts of the body, including the arms and legs.

source: ninds.nih.gov
Myositis
Myositis

Therefore, myositis is inflammation of the muscle. The term “Myopathy” indicates any disease of muscle, whereas “Myositis” is a specific group of muscle diseases, in our case, the inflammatory myopathies, which are most often both idiopathic (no known cause) and thought to be autoimmune in nature.

Myotonic (Also Called MMD or Steinert's Disease)
Myotonic (Also Called MMD or Steinert's Disease)

Myotonic Dystrophy (DM) What is myotonic dystrophy (DM)? Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a form of muscular dystrophy that affects muscles and many other organs in the body. The word myotonic is the adjective for the word myotonia, an inability to relax muscles at will.

source: mda.org
Myotonic Dystrophy (DM)
Myotonic Dystrophy (DM)

Myotonic Dystrophy (DM) What is myotonic dystrophy (DM)? Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a form of muscular dystrophy that affects muscles and many other organs in the body. The word myotonic is the adjective for the word myotonia, an inability to relax muscles at will. The term muscular dystrophy means progressive muscle degeneration, with weakness and shrinkage of the muscle tissue.

source: mda.org
Neuromuscular Disorders
Neuromuscular Disorders

Neuromuscular disease (NMD) is a broad term that encompasses many diseases and ailments that impair muscle function, either directly via intrinsic muscle pathology, or indirectly via nerve pathology.

source: resmed.com
Oculopharyngeal
Oculopharyngeal

Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is a rare genetic muscle disorder with onset during adulthood most often between 40 and 60 years of age. OPMD is characterized by slowly progressive muscle disease (myopathy) affecting the muscles of the upper eyelids and the throat.

Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy (OPMD)
Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy (OPMD)

Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is a genetic disease that is characterized by muscle wasting. As its name implies, muscles that control the eyelids (oculo) and throat (pharyngeal) are typically the first affected in OPMD patients.

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