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Types of Neuroglia

ASTROCYTES
ASTROCYTES

Neuroglia, also called glial cells or simply glia, are non-neuronal cells in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system. They maintain homeostasis, form myelin, and provide support and protection for neurons.

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Astrocytes Form the Blood Brain Barrier
Astrocytes Form the Blood Brain Barrier

Chapter 11 Nervous System Part 4 - Neuroglia ... Neuroglia of CNS. Astrocytes ... Produces chemicals that promote tight juctions to form blood-brain barrier; ...

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Ciliated Ependymal Cells
Ciliated Ependymal Cells

Ependymal cell, type of neuronal support cell that forms the epithelial lining of the ventricles (cavities) in the brain and the central canal of the spinal cord. Ependymal cells also give rise to the epithelial layer that surrounds the choroid plexus, a network of blood vessels located in the walls of the lateral ventricles (the two largest ventricles, which occur as a pair in the cerebral hemispheres).

EPENDYMAL CELLS
EPENDYMAL CELLS

Neuroglia, also called glial cells or simply glia, ... Ependymal cells, also named ependymocytes, line the spinal cord and the ventricular system of the brain.

MICROGLIA
MICROGLIA

In general, neuroglial cells are smaller than neurons; there are about 86 billion neurons and 85 billion "non-neuronal" (glia) cells in the human male brain. Glial cells make up about half the total volume of the brain and spinal cord.

Microglia They do Phagocytosis to Fight Infection
Microglia They do Phagocytosis to Fight Infection

Start studying 6 Types of Neuroglia and their functions. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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non Ciliated Ependymal Cells
non Ciliated Ependymal Cells

Ependymal cell: Ependymal cell, type of neuronal support cell (neuroglia) that forms the epithelial lining of the ventricles (cavities) in the brain and the central canal of the spinal cord.

OLIGODENDROCYTES
OLIGODENDROCYTES

Neuroglia, also called glial cells or simply glia, are non-neuronal cells in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system. They maintain homeostasis, form myelin, and provide support and protection for neurons.

Schwann Cells
Schwann Cells

Schwann cell, also called neurilemma cell, any of the cells in the peripheral nervous system that produce the myelin sheath around neuronal axons. Schwann cells are named after German physiologist Theodor Schwann, who discovered them in the 19th century.