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Types of Nobel Prizes

Frederick Sanger
Frederick Sanger

Frederick Sanger OM CH CBE FAA (/ ˈ s æ ŋ ər /; 13 August 1918 – 19 November 2013) was a British biochemist who twice won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, one of only two people to have done so in the same category (the other is John Bardeen in physics), the fourth person overall with two Nobel Prizes, and the third person overall with two Nobel Prizes in the sciences.

John Bardeen
John Bardeen

In 1972, Bardeen shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Leon N Cooper of Brown University and John Robert Schrieffer of the University of Pennsylvania "for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory".

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Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling

By the 1950s Linus Pauling was certainly the premier structural chemist and probably the premier chemist of his time. His work was capped by the Nobel Prize, awarded in 1954 "for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the eludication of the structure of complex substances."

Marie Curie
Marie Curie

Marie Curie, née Maria Sklodowska, was born in Warsaw on November 7, 1867, the daughter of a secondary-school teacher. She received a general education in local schools and some scientific training from her father.

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