The Mission Olive tree, Olea europaea ‘Mission,' bears the Mission olive fruit, a favorite for both pickling and pressing olive oil. Native to the Mediterranean, these olive trees were planted by the Missionaries at the San Diego Mission in the late 17th Century.
The Picual, also known as Marteña or Lopereña, is an olive cultivar from Spain. Picual olives are the most commonly grown olive today for olive oil production, with production centered in the Spanish province of Jaén. Picual trees are estimated to account for 25% of all olive oil production in the world.