Akoya Pearl Oyster. Pinctada fucata. Mother-of-pearl from the shells of Akoya Pearl Oysters has long been valued in Japan for decorative inlay, but until recently pearls held little appeal for the Japanese. Akoya pearls became popular in Japan only after they began to be cultured for export in the 1920s.
Oyster is the common name for a number of different families of salt-water bivalve molluscs that live in marine or brackish habitats. In some species the valves are highly calcified, and many are somewhat irregular in shape. Many, but not all, oysters are in the superfamily Ostreoidea.
Ostrea folium (Linnaeus, 1758) Ostrea fucorum Lamarck, 1819 Ostrea haliotidaea Lamarck, 1819 Ostrea labrella Lamarck, 1819 Ostrea serra Dall, 1914 Ostrea sinuata Lamarck, 1819 Homonyms Dendostrea folium (Linnaeus, 1758) Common names foliate oyster in English 齒緣牡蠣 in language. Bibliographic References. Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves.
The eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica)—also called Wellfleet oyster, Atlantic oyster, Virginia oyster, or American oyster—is a species of true oyster native to the eastern seaboard and Gulf of Mexico coast of North America. It is also farmed in Puget Sound, Washington, where it is known as the Totten Inlet Virginica.
Ostrea edulis is a species of oyster native to Europe and commonly known as the European flat oyster, Colchester native oyster (hence Colchester natives), mud oyster, or edible oyster (despite this latter name it is not the only oyster that is edible by humans).
Ostrea lurida. Ostrea lurida, common name the Olympia oyster, after Olympia, Washington in the Puget Sound area, is a species of edible oyster, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family Ostreidae. This species occurs on the northern Pacific coast of North America.
Spondylus, otherwise known as the "thorny oyster" or "spiny oyster", is a bivalve mollusc found in the warm waters of most of the oceans of the world. The Spondylus genus has about 76 species living worldwide, three of which are of interest to archaeologists.
Similar to other oysters, Crassostrea ariakensis is a bivalve mollusk with a hard calcium-carbonaceous shell. The hard shell provides protection from predation. The Suminoe oyster can reach shell heights of 76 mm within 2 years post-settlement.
Windowpane oyster. The windowpane oyster (Placuna placenta) is a bivalve marine mollusk in the family of Placunidae. They are edible, but valued more for the shells and pearls. The shells have been used for thousands of years as a glass substitute because of their durability and translucence.