Assessment of Acute Pain . Accurate assessment of acute pain is essential for the development of an effective pain management plan. Nurses play a pivotal role in the assessment of pain, owing to the nature of their relationship with patients. Pain assessment can be challenging because of the subjectivity and multidimensionality of the pain experience.
Bone pains are usually dull pain and cannot be easily localized by the people who suffer from it. Bone pain is sometimes referred to as bone tenderness. What is the easiest way to distinguish between joint pain and bone pain? Even though bone pain and joint pains occur in the musculoskeletal system, they are two different conditions. Bone pain usually originates inside the bone while joint pain occurs at the connections between two bones.
tionnaire, visual analogue scales, numerical scales, and Table 1. Consensus deﬁ nitions for breakthrough pain–related terms Baseline pain Pain that is almost always present and may be described as continuous, steady, or constant. It can be partly or completely masked if controlled by analgesic management. Breakthrough pain A transitory exacerbation of pain experienced by a patient who has ...
Chronic pain is persistent pain that lasts for 6 months or longer. The pain signals can remain active in the nervous system for months or even years, and take a physical and emotional toll on a patient over time. Chronic pain can be mild or excruciating, episodic, continuous, inconvenient or incapacitating.
To help compensate for this problem, many doctors rely on pain scales to get a more concrete sense of a person's pain. You might have seen a pain scale in your doctor's office before. One common type shows a series of numbered cartoon faces moving from 0 (smiling and pain-free) to 10 (weeping in agony.) A doctor would ask a person in pain which face matched up with what they were feeling.
This is known as phantom limb pain. It’s most common in arms and legs, but some people will feel it when they have other body parts removed, such as a breast. For some people, the pain will go away on its own. For others, it can be long-lasting and severe. But you can limit it if you tell your doctor about it early on so you can get treatment ASAP.
Referred pain, also called reflective pain, is pain perceived at a location other than the site of the painful stimulus. An example is the case of angina pectoris brought on by a myocardial infarction (heart attack), where pain is often felt in the neck, shoulders, and back rather than in the thorax (chest), the site of the injury.
Pain Caused by Tissue Damage. Most pain comes from tissue damage. The pain stems from an injury to the body's tissues. The injury can be to bone, soft tissue, or organs. The injury to body tissue can come from a disease such as cancer. Or it can come from physical injury such as a cut or a broken bone.