The types include: monoplegia, which affects only one arm or leg. hemiplegia, which affects one arm and one leg on the same side of your body. paraplegia, which affects both of your legs. quadriplegia, or tetraplegia, which affects both of your arms and both of your legs.
Bladder and bowel problems often originate with nerve or muscle dysfunction, as these systems control the flow of urine and the release of stool. Other health issues may cause bladder and/or bowel dysfunction, including medicinal side effects, stress, neurologic diseases, diabetes, hemorrhoids and pelvic floor disorders.
Quadriplegia, which is often referred to as tetraplegia, is paralysis below the neck. All four limbs, as well as the torso, are typically affected. As with paraplegia, though, the degree of disability and loss of function may vary from person to person, and even from moment to moment.