Amoxil (amoxicillin) is a penicillin antibiotic that fights bacteria. Amoxil is used to treat many different types of infection caused by bacteria, such as tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, gonorrhea, and infections of the ear, nose, throat, skin, or urinary tract.
Ampicillin/sulbactam is a combination of the common penicillin-derived antibiotic ampicillin and sulbactam, an inhibitor of bacterial beta-lactamase. Two different forms of the drug exist. The first, developed in 1987 and marketed in the United States under the tradename Unasyn, generic only outside the United States, is an intravenous antibiotic.
β-lactam antibiotics (beta-lactam antibiotics) are a class of broad-spectrum antibiotics, consisting of all antibiotic agents that contain a beta-lactam ring in their molecular structures. This includes penicillin derivatives , cephalosporins , monobactams, and carbapenems.
Keflex is a cephalosporin antibiotic, and penicillin is a penicillin-type antibiotic. Brand names for penicillin include Bicillin, Bicillin CR, and Bicillin LA. Side effects of Keflex and penicillin that are similar include diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, dizziness, and skin rash.
Quinolones and fluoroquinolones should be avoided in children under the age of 18 years unless they have a serious infection that cannot be treated with any other antibiotic. This is because they can damage the weight-bearing joints in children, and children are also more susceptible to other adverse effects of quinolones and fluoroquinolones, including tendinitis and tendon rupture.
Fluoroquinolones can enter cells easily via porins and, therefore, are often used to treat intracellular pathogens such as Legionella pneumophila and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. For many gram-negative bacteria, DNA gyrase is the target, whereas topoisomerase IV is the target for many gram-positive bacteria.
Macrolides are a class of antibiotics derived from Saccharopolyspora erythraea (originally called Streptomyces erythreus), a type of soil-borne bacteria. Macrolides inhibit protein synthesis in bacteria by reversibly binding to the P site of the 50S unit of the ribosome.
Nafcillin is a penicillin antibiotic that fights bacteria. Nafcillin is used to treat many different types of infections, especially those caused by staphylococcus bacteria ("staph" infections). Nafcillin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Penicillin (PCN or pen) is a group of antibiotics which include penicillin G (intravenous use), penicillin V (use by mouth), procaine penicillin, and benzathine penicillin (intramuscular use). Penicillin antibiotics were among the first medications to be effective against many bacterial infections caused by staphylococci and streptococci.
Penicillin V is an antibiotic in the penicillin group of drugs. It fights bacteria in your body. Penicillin V is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria, such as ear infections,. Penicillin V may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
They are based on the original penicillin- G structure. They inhibit bacterial cell wall synthesis and are generally bactericidal. Natural penicillins are effective against gram positive bacteria such as staphylococci, streptococci and gram negative bacteria such as meningococci, Treponema, Borrelia and Leptospira.