Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT) Evidence has shown that vestibular rehabilitation can be effective in improving symptoms related to many vestibular (inner ear/balance) disorders.1,2 People with vestibular disorders often experience problems with vertigo, dizziness, visual disturbance, and/or imbalance.
Pulmonary (PULL-mun-ary) rehabilitation, also called pulmonary rehab or PR, is a broad program that helps improve the well-being of people who have chronic (ongoing) breathing problems. For example, PR may benefit people who have COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), sarcoidosis (sar-koy-DOE-sis), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, or cystic fibrosis.
A cardiopulmonary therapist helps patients regain function in their cardiac and respiratory systems following a debilitating injury or illness. Duties include developing treatment programs tailored specifically to a given patient, guiding patients through their treatment regimen, and applying heat, water or massage therapy.
In 1982 the APTA House of Delegates approved board certification in the area of clinical electrophysiology. The first clinical electrophysiology specialist certification examination was administered in 1986. As of June 2010, ABPTS has certified 146 clinical electrophysiology specialists.
Electrical nerve stimulation and electrothermal therapy are used to relieve pain associated with various conditions, including back pain. Intradiscal electrothermal therapy (IDET) is a treatment option for people with low back pain resulting from intervertebral disc problems.
Geriatric physical therapy is a proven means for older adults from every level of physical ability to improve their balance and strength, build their confidence, and remain active. A number of people are familiar with physical therapy as a form of treatment to pursue after an accident, or in relation to a condition such as a stroke.
Hand therapy is the art and science of evaluating and treating injuries and conditions of the upper extremity (shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm, wrist and hand). It uses a number of therapeutic interventions to help return a person to their highest level of function.
A Neurologic Clinical Specialist (NCS) is a physical therapist who has had advanced training or practice in the area of neurologic physical therapy. These PT's have been awarded the designation NCS because they have met the requirements and passed a specialty examination of the American Board of Physical Therapist Specialists.