A mature female Coulter pine (Pinus coulteri) cone, the heaviest pine cone Immature male or pollen cones of Rocky Mountain ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum) A cone (in formal botanical usage: strobilus, plural strobili) is an organ on plants in the division Pinophyta that contains the reproductive structures.
Members of the pine family (pine, spruce, fir and cedar) have cones with overlapping scales. Members of the cypress family (cypress, juniper and redwoods) have scales which are completely fused. Members of the cypress family (cypress, juniper and redwoods) have scales which are completely fused.
The Black Spruce has roundish dark-purple cones that are ½ to 1 ½ inches long. The cones grow around the top of the tree. The Red Spruce has reddish-brown cones that are around 1 ½ inches long and are rough in texture. The White Spruce has thin cones that are about 1 ¼ to 2 inches in length. Its cones are light brown and very flexible.