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Types of Political Systems

Communism
Communism

In reality, both political systems support the concept of shared ownership and criticizes capitalism, however for proponents of both ideologies, it will always be socialism vs communism.

Constitutional Government
Constitutional Government

Constitutional government is defined by the existence of a constitution—which may be a legal instrument or merely a set of fixed norms or principles generally accepted as the fundamental law of the polity—that effectively controls the exercise of political power.

Democracy
Democracy

Democracy is a system of rule by laws, not by individuals. In a democracy, the rule of law protects the rights of citizens, maintains order, and limits the power of government. All citizens are equal under the law.

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Distribution of Authority
Distribution of Authority

Distribution of Authority Effective government in any form requires a workable method for distributing authority within the country. The larger and more diverse the jurisdiction of the government the stronger the tendency toward a federal system in which authority is "layered" or distributed among different levels.

Federal Systems
Federal Systems

Federal systems. In federal systems, political authority is divided between two autonomous sets of governments, one national and the other subnational, both of which operate directly upon the people.

Monarchy
Monarchy

Monarchy, political system based upon the undivided sovereignty or rule of a single person. The term applies to states in which supreme authority is vested in the monarch, an individual ruler who functions as the head of state and who achieves his position through heredity.

Monarchy Let's Begin With Monarchy
Monarchy Let's Begin With Monarchy

political system: Monarchy The ancient distinction among monarchies, tyrannies, oligarchies, and constitutional governments, like other traditional classifications of political systems, is no longer very descriptive of political life.

Oligarchy
Oligarchy

Jeffrey A. Winters wrote that "oligarchy and democracy operate within a single system, ... the United States is now "an oligarchy with unlimited political ...

Power Defined
Power Defined

Political system, the set of formal legal institutions that constitute a “government” or a “ state.” This is the definition adopted by many studies of the legal or constitutional arrangements of advanced political orders.

Republic
Republic

Republic: Republic, form of ... Is democracy the most appropriate name for a large-scale representative system such as that of ... the French political philosopher ...

Types of Government
Types of Government

When we speak of political systems, it’s difficult to determine what the most common types are. After all, many political systems are similar, or have similar roots. Many countries actually have republics of some kind — variants of democracy.

Unitary States
Unitary States

political system: Unitary nation-states …all the world’s nation-states are unitary systems, including Bulgaria, France, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Japan, Poland, Romania, the Scandinavian countries, Spain, and many of the Latin American and African countries.

What are the two Type of Democracies?
What are the two Type of Democracies?

Many countries actually have republics of some kind — variants of democracy. As you study political science, it can be helpful to understand some of the most common types of political systems from around the world. Understanding different political systems is important. Each political system has its advantages and disadvantages.

What is Absolute Monarchy?
What is Absolute Monarchy?

Absolutism, the political doctrine and practice of unlimited centralized authority and absolute sovereignty, as vested especially in a monarch or dictator. The essence of an absolutist system is that the ruling power is not subject to regularized challenge or check by any other agency, be it judicial, legislative, religious, economic, or electoral.

What is Democracy?
What is Democracy?

Democracy consists of four basic elements: I want to begin with an overview of what democracy is. We can think of democracy as a system of government with four key elements: A political system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections. 2.

What is Dictatorship?
What is Dictatorship?

What is a Dictatorship Government? Dictatorships are some of the most well-know political systems; throughout history, dictators have risen and fallen, often affecting the way the world sees their country at the time.

What is Oligarchy?
What is Oligarchy?

Although the term oligarchy is rarely used to refer to contemporary political systems, the phenomenon of irresponsible rule by small groups has not… Aristotle used the term oligarchia to designate the rule of the few when it was exercised not by the best but by bad men unjustly.

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What is the Autocracy Government?
What is the Autocracy Government?

Autocratic versus nonautocratic rule. The foregoing discussion has suggested a distinction among political systems in terms of the role played by force in the acquisition and transfer of power.