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Types of Potential Energy

A Coiled Spring
A Coiled Spring

Nowadays, we don't tend to use wind-up smartphones because no materials exist with high enough elastic limit to store elastic potential energy with high enough energy density. The energy density of a coiled steel spring is about 8 kJ/kg, whereas a lithium-ion battery has an energy density of around 500 kJ/kg [1].

A Quarterback's arm Before Throwing a Pass
A Quarterback's arm Before Throwing a Pass

Potential energy is mechanical or stored energy from an object that comes from factors such as its position relative to others, internal stress, electric charge or its condition rather than motion. This object has the capability of producing energy as these conditions change - this energy could be kinetic energy, chemical energy, radiant energy, thermal energy or sound energy.

A Raised Weight
A Raised Weight

The term potential energy was introduced by the 19th ... velocity is equal to the weight, ... of stored energy (in the form of rail cars raised to ...

A Snow Pack (Potential Avalanche)
A Snow Pack (Potential Avalanche)

Potential energy is mechanical or stored energy from an object that comes from factors such as its position relative to others, internal stress, electric charge or its condition rather than motion. This object has the capability of producing energy as these conditions change - this energy could be kinetic energy, chemical energy, radiant energy, thermal energy or sound energy.

A Stretched Rubber Band
A Stretched Rubber Band

You input potential (stored) energy into the rubber band system when you stretched the rubber band back. Because it is an elastic system, this kind of potential energy is specifically called elastic potential energy.

An Archer's bow With the String Pulled Back
An Archer's bow With the String Pulled Back

How much of this work goes into kinetic energy of ... How Much Energy From a Bow Goes Into Kinetic Energy of ... back a bow. No, the farther back you pull the string ...

source: wired.com
CHEMICAL
CHEMICAL

Chemical potential energy depends on the strength of the bonds; strong bonds have low energy and weak ones have high energy. Large amounts of heat and/or light energy are released during the formation of strong bonds. Conversely, more energy is required to break strong bonds than weaker bonds.

ELASTIC
ELASTIC

Elastic potential energy is energy stored as a result of applying a force to deform an elastic object. The energy is stored until the force is removed and the object springs back to its original shape, doing work in the process.

image: pixshark.com
GRAVITATIONAL
GRAVITATIONAL

Gravitational potential energy is acquired by an object when it has been moved against a gravitational field. For example, an object raised above the surface of the Earth will gain energy, which is released if the object is allowed to fall back to the ground.

source: wisegeek.org
image: picquery.com
Kinetic Energy is Found in Movement
Kinetic Energy is Found in Movement

Gravitational potential energy – potential energy of an object which is associated with gravitational force. For example, when a book is placed on top of a table, energy required to raise the book from the floor and energy possessed by the book due to its elevated position on the table is gravitational potential energy.

source: diffen.com
MOTION
MOTION

Potential energy, expressed in science as U, is energy that is stored within an object, not in motion but capable of becoming active. When at rest, every object has rest mass potential energy; if the object is in a position to be affected by gravity and to fall, it has gravitational potential energy.

NUCLEAR
NUCLEAR

Nuclear potential energy is the potential energy of the particles inside an atomic nucleus. The nuclear particles are bound together by the strong nuclear force. Weak nuclear forces provide the potential energy for certain kinds of radioactive decay, such as beta decay.

THERMAL ENERGY AND TEMPERATURE
THERMAL ENERGY AND TEMPERATURE

A: The difference between temperature and thermal energy is that temperature measures the average kinetic speed of molecules and thermal energy is the total kinetic energy of all particles in a given substance. In other words, temperature measures the average speed of movement, and thermal energy measures the mass of a substance.

source: reference.com
Water That is Behind a dam
Water That is Behind a dam

Water stored behind a dam is an example of potential energy (energy of position). As the water flows through the dam, some of the water's potential energy is converted into kinetic energy (energy of motion), which is typically further converted into electrical energy through the use of spinning magnets and coils of wire.

Wheels on Roller Skates Before Someone Skates
Wheels on Roller Skates Before Someone Skates

Potential energy is mechanical or stored energy from an object that comes from factors such as its position relative to others, internal stress, electric charge or its condition rather than motion. This object has the capability of producing energy as these conditions change - this energy could be kinetic energy, chemical energy, radiant energy, thermal energy or sound energy.