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Types of Radiation Therapy

3D Conformal Radiation Therapy
3D Conformal Radiation Therapy

3D conformal radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that shapes the radiation beams to match the shape of the tumor. In the past, radiation beams only matched the height and width of the tumor — exposing healthy tissue to radiation.

image: logobook.ru
4-Dimensional Radiotherapy (4D-RT)
4-Dimensional Radiotherapy (4D-RT)

The treatment of lung cancer with radiotherapy is rapidly changing as new technologies make the treatment safer and more effective. One of the more recent developments has been the development of tools that allow for designing radiation fields that account for a tumor’s specific motion, or it’s change in position over time, the fourth dimension.

Adaptive Radiotherapy
Adaptive Radiotherapy

Adaptive Radiation Therapy Adaptive Radiation Therapy (known as ART) is the foundation of the department's new treatment process. This patient-specific strategy is much better than the 3-D conformal radiation method of conventional practice.

source: beaumont.org
Brachytherapy
Brachytherapy

Internal radiation therapy (brachytherapy) allows a higher dose of radiation in a smaller area than might be possible with external radiation treatment. It uses a radiation source that’s usually sealed in a small holder called an implant.

source: cancer.org
Conformal Radiotherapy
Conformal Radiotherapy

Conformal radiotherapy. Conformal radiotherapy is also called 3D conformal radiotherapy or 3DCRT. It is a very commonly used type of radiotherapy. What conformal radiotherapy is. Conformal radiotherapy uses a specialised planning CT scanner and sometimes other scans, such as MRI scans.

Electron Beam Radiotherapy
Electron Beam Radiotherapy

Electron beam radiation therapy is used to treat lymphoma in the skin. There are 2 types of electron beam radiation therapy. If 1 or more spots on the body will be treated, this is called spot treatment.

source: mskcc.org
Image-Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT)
Image-Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT)

Image-guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT) Image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) is the use of imaging during radiation therapy to improve the precision and accuracy of treatment delivery. IGRT is used to treat tumors in areas of the body that move, such as the lungs.

Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT)
Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT)

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) uses linear accelerators to safely and painlessly deliver precise radiation doses to a tumor while minimizing the dose to surrounding normal tissue.

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)
Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)

Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is an advanced mode of high-precision radiotherapy that uses computer-controlled linear accelerators to deliver precise radiation doses to a malignant tumor or specific areas within the tumor.

Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT)
Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT)

Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT) is a state-of-the-art cancer treatment that delivers a single dose of radiation therapy in a single session. Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA) is one of only a few hospitals in the U.S. to offer this advanced therapy to cancer patients.

image: ecancer.org
Proton Therapy
Proton Therapy

What is Proton Therapy? Imagine a 196-ton, cancer-killing machine that can target a patient’s tumor with sub-millimeter precision while sparing nearby healthy tissues and minimizing side effects. In its most simple terms, that’s proton therapy.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS)
Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS)

Types of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) A precise radiation treatment, stereotactic radiosurgery delivers high doses of radiation at the same time that it spares nearby tissues and organs. Despite its name, it is a non-surgical radiation therapy that can be used as an alternative to invasive surgery.

Stereotactic Radiotherapy and Radiosurgery
Stereotactic Radiotherapy and Radiosurgery

Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a non-surgical radiation therapy used to treat functional abnormalities and small tumors of the brain. It can deliver precisely-targeted radiation in fewer high-dose treatments than traditional therapy, which can help preserve healthy tissue.

Superficial x-ray Radiation Therapy (SXRT)
Superficial x-ray Radiation Therapy (SXRT)

Superficial X-ray Radiation Therapy (SXRT) Superficial x-ray radiation therapy (SXRT) uses low-penetrating x-rays to deliver treatment. As the x-rays don’t penetrate very far into the body, they can be very effective in treating skin cancers.

source: petermac.org
Volumetric Modulated Radiation Therapy (VMAT)
Volumetric Modulated Radiation Therapy (VMAT)

Volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is a type of specialized intensity modulated radiation therapy. VMAT delivers radiation by rotating the radiation machine, through one or more arcs while radiation is continuously delivered. VMAT allows doctors to treat complex cancers while minimizing exposure to surrounding healthy tissue.

source: sharecare.com