A natural anchor is a secure natural feature which can serve as a climbing anchor by attaching a sling, lanyard, or cordelette and a carabiner. Examples of natural anchors include trees, boulders, lodged chockstones, horns, icicles, and protrusions. Artificial anchor. An artificial anchor consists of man-made climbing gear placed in the rock.
Harnesses are categorized and defined by their shape and use. All climbing harnesses mentioned in this article that consist of a waistbelt and 2 leg loops are classified as a Type C sit harness. On a Type C sit harness, the belay loop is tested to 15kN (3,372 lbs.).
A personal tether is used to attach a climber to a belay or rappel anchor by clipping an auto-locking carabiner from a loop of the tether to an equalized anchor or a piece of equipment like a spring-loaded cam, wired nut, or bolt. The tether is a series of sewn loops of webbing, Spectra, or Dyneema that is girth hitched to the climber’s harness.
A carabiner brake is simply a group of interlocking carabiners with their gates reversed and opposed to each other so they don’t accidently open or a group of locking carabiners in the same arrangement. The best method to learn is the six-carabiner brake since there is more redundancy in the system than with single locking carabiners.