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Types of Sadness

/ 10 Major Depression
/ 10 Major Depression

Sadness is a human emotion that all people feel at certain times during their lives. Feeling sad is a natural reaction to situations that cause emotional upset or pain. There are varying degrees of sadness. But like other emotions, sadness is temporary and fades with time. In this way, sadness differs from depression.

Anger or Irritability
Anger or Irritability

Reflect for a moment upon the overlap among feelings of anger, aggression, hostility, and irritability: if irritability is to be featured more prominently in the diagnosis of depression, then it becomes increasingly important to have a clear and precise understanding of this emotion.

Appetite or Weight Changes
Appetite or Weight Changes

What can improve appetite and weight changes: For those who are losing weight… Recognizing that depression causes you to have problems with weight loss. It is not some character flaw or “failure” on your part. When you are not depressed, you may not have such problems with weight loss.

Atypical Depression
Atypical Depression

Atypical depression is a subtype of major depression or dysthymic disorder that involves several specific symptoms, including increased appetite or weight gain, sleepiness or excessive sleep, marked fatigue or weakness, moods that are strongly reactive to environmental circumstances, and feeling extremely sensitive to rejection.

source: webmd.com
Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depressive disorder or manic depression, is a serious mental illness. It's a disorder that can lead to risky behavior, damaged relationships and careers, and even suicidal tendencies if it's not treated.

source: webmd.com
image: pediaa.com
Dysthymia
Dysthymia

Dysthymia often co-occurs with other mental disorders. A "double depression" is the occurrence of episodes of major depression in addition to dysthymia. Switching between periods of dysthymic moods and periods of hypomanic moods is indicative of cyclothymia, which is a mild variant of bipolar disorder.

Feelings of Helplessness and Hopelessness
Feelings of Helplessness and Hopelessness

9. Helplessness (Survival and Mastery) Helpless individuals no longer believe that they can live safely in the world. They feel exposed and vulnerable, like a cat after being declawed or a bird grounded by a broken wing. Trauma or repeated exposure to uncontrolled stressors can produce an ingrained sense of helplessness.

Loss of Energy
Loss of Energy

To qualify as a symptom of depression, fatigue or a loss of energy need to occur nearly every day for at least a two week period. This is an important qualifier since varying energy levels are part and parcel of our existence.

Loss of Interest in Daily Activities
Loss of Interest in Daily Activities

Lack of interest in activities could be an indication that you have depression. The physical impacts from depression can take away your energy to the things you normally do. The lack of interest in things you previously enjoyed will only increase* the severity of depression.

Major Depression
Major Depression

In this way, sadness differs from depression. Depression is a longer-term mental illness. It impairs social, occupational, and other important areas of functioning. Left untreated, symptoms of depression may last for a long time. Keep reading to learn more about the differences between depression and sadness.

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) SanderStock/Getty Images
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) SanderStock/Getty Images

Major or clinical depression is a serious but treatable illness. Depending on the severity of symptoms, your primary care doctor or a psychiatrist may recommend treatment with an antidepressant medication.

source: webmd.com
Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression
Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression

For most women, having a baby is a very exciting, joyous, and often anxious time. But for women with postpartum, or peripartum, depression it can become very distressing and difficult. Postpartum depression is a serious, but treatable medical illness involving feelings of extreme sadness, indifference and/or anxiety, as well as changes in energy, sleep, and appetite.

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Persistent Depressive Disorder
Persistent Depressive Disorder

Persistent depressive disorder, also called dysthymia (dis-THIE-me-uh), is a continuous long-term (chronic) form of depression. You may lose interest in normal daily activities, feel hopeless, lack productivity, and have low self-esteem and an overall feeling of inadequacy.

Persistent Depressive Disorder JGI/Jamie Grill/Getty Images
Persistent Depressive Disorder JGI/Jamie Grill/Getty Images

JGI/Jamie Grill/Getty Images Dysthymia, now known as persistent depressive disorder, refers to a type of chronic depression present for more days than not for at least two years. It can be mild, moderate, or severe.

Postpartum Depression
Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression is a mood disorder that can affect women after childbirth. Mothers with postpartum depression experience feelings of extreme sadness, anxiety, and exhaustion that may make it difficult for them to complete daily care activities for themselves or for others.

source: nimh.nih.gov
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe, sometimes disabling extension of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Although regular PMS and PMDD both have physical and emotional symptoms, PMDD causes extreme mood shifts that can disrupt your work and damage your relationships.

Psychotic Depression
Psychotic Depression

Depressive psychosis is a combination of major depression and psychosis. This means that someone experience depression and psychotic symptoms. Depressive psychosis is a combination of major depression and psychosis.

Reckless Behavior
Reckless Behavior

If reckless behavior is affecting your health and well-being or getting in the way of your relationships, work, or daily activities, you may want to reach out for support. Consider connecting with: Your doctor.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that's related to changes in seasons — SAD begins and ends at about the same times every year. If you're like most people with SAD, your symptoms start in the fall and continue into the winter months, sapping your energy and making you feel moody.

Self-Loathing
Self-Loathing

Understanding Comorbidity With Depression and Self-Loathing Due to the persistent feelings of sadness and low moods, a depressed person may find his/her condition as helpless and put the blame as their faults.

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Situational' Depression
Situational' Depression

Situational depression is a short-term form of depression that can occur in the aftermath of various traumatic changes in your normal life, including divorce, retirement, loss of a job and the death of a relative or close friend.

Sleep Changes
Sleep Changes

WebMD helps you understand how depression can affect your sleep and vice versa. ... Changes in appetite that lead to changes in ... How Are Sleep and Depression Linked?

source: webmd.com