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Types of Scientific Studies

A Botanist Specializes in Plants
A Botanist Specializes in Plants

Botany-related positions generally require a bachelor's degree. Most botanists have degrees in botany, plant science, plant biology, or general biology. Students in these programs study mathematics, chemistry, physics, and biology. Courses in social studies and public affairs are also helpful for aspiring botanists interested in conservation issues.

A Geneticist Studies how Traits are Inherited
A Geneticist Studies how Traits are Inherited

The passing of traits from a parent to its offspring. What are some examples of inherited traits? They are traits we get from our parents such as eye color, hair color, height and skin color.Chromosomes pass along traits and genetic information.

source: quizlet.com
Action Research
Action Research

Educational action research can be engaged in by a single teacher, by a group of colleagues who share an interest in a common problem, or by the entire faculty of a school. Whatever the scenario, action research always involves the same seven-step process.

source: ascd.org
image: nij.gov
An Agronomist Specializes in Soil and Crops
An Agronomist Specializes in Soil and Crops

They often work in the field, on farms, or in agricultural labs and mills. A bachelor's degree is required to become an agronomist, although many professionals obtain further degrees. Agricultural scientists have a positive career outlook due to the continuous need for the food crops they help develop.

source: study.com
An Astronomer Studies Stars, Planets and Galaxies
An Astronomer Studies Stars, Planets and Galaxies

Observational astronomers focus on direct study of stars, planets, galaxies, and so forth. Theoretical astronomers model and analyze how systems may have evolved. Unlike most other fields of science, astronomers are unable to observe a system entirely from birth to death; the lifetime of worlds, stars, and galaxies span millions to billions of years.

source: space.com
An Epidemiologist Studies the Spread of Diseases
An Epidemiologist Studies the Spread of Diseases

Epidemiology is a field where trained epidemiologists study patterns of frequency and the causes and effects of diseases in human populations. Epidemiology provides the scientific footings for evidence-based medicine and allows placement of strategies for improvement in public health.

An Ethologist Studies Animal Behavior
An Ethologist Studies Animal Behavior

What is an Ethologist? Animal lovers have the perfect career field in ethology. Ethologists study the behavior of animals in their natural settings and look for patterns in behavior. From livestock to wildlife, animals have certain innate and instinctual behaviors that can be scientifically studies in a myriad of ways.

source: learn.org
Astronomy: Astrometry • Cosmology • Extragalactic Astronomy
Astronomy: Astrometry • Cosmology • Extragalactic Astronomy

Astrometry, the most ancient branch of astronomy, is the measure of the sun, moon and planets. The precise calculations of these motions allows astronomers in other fields to model the birth and evolution of planets and stars, and to predict events such as eclipses meteor showers, and the appearance of comets.

source: space.com
Biology: Anatomy • Astrobiology • Biochemistry
Biology: Anatomy • Astrobiology • Biochemistry

While biology remains the centerpiece of the life sciences, technological advances in molecular biology and biotechnology have led to a burgeoning of specializations and interdisciplinary fields. Some life sciences focus on a specific type of life. For example, zoology is the study of animals, while botany is the study of plants.

Botany
Botany

What is Botany? Botany is the scientific study of plants. "Plants," to most people, means a wide range of living organisms from the smallest bacteria to the largest living things - the giant sequoia trees. By this definition plants include: algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants.

source: botany.org
Chemistry
Chemistry

Chemistry is the study of matter, its properties, how and why substances combine or separate to form other substances, and how substances interact with energy. Many people think of chemists as being white-coated scientists mixing strange liquids in a laboratory, but the truth is we are all chemists. Understanding basic chemistry concepts is important for almost every profession. Chemistry is part of everything in our lives.

Cross-Sectional Research
Cross-Sectional Research

Cross-sectional research is often used to study what is happening in a group at a particular time. Learn how and why this method is used in research. Cross-sectional research is often used to study what is happening in a group at a particular time.

Descriptive Research
Descriptive Research

Descriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound -- they describe situations. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. There are three main types of descriptive methods: observational methods, case-study methods and survey methods.

Earth Sciences
Earth Sciences

Earth Science is the study of the Earth and its neighbors in space. It is an exciting science with many interesting and practical applications. Some Earth scientists use their knowledge of the Earth to locate and develop energy and mineral resources.

source: geology.com
Ecology
Ecology

Ecology, or ecological science, is the scientific study of the distribution and abundance of living organisms and how the distribution and abundance are affected by interactions between the organisms and their environment.

Geology
Geology

Geology, the fields of study concerned with the solid Earth. Included are sciences such as mineralogy, geodesy, and stratigraphy. faux amphibolite A rock formation called “faux amphibolite,” from the Nuvvuagittuq greenstone belt in northern Quebec, dated to 4.28 billion years ago.

Human Biology
Human Biology

Read the latest research on human biology. Learn about comparative biology and human genetics.

Longitudinal Research
Longitudinal Research

A longitudinal study is correlational research which follows one group of individuals over a long period of time. It can involve a cohort study, a panel study, or a retrospective study. Longitudinal research can provide invaluable information to social scientists but is costly and time intensive.

source: study.com
Meteorology
Meteorology

Meteorology is an interdisciplinary science, drawing on knowledge, theory, and laws from a variety of scientific fields for its base. As a result, there are many specialized branches, or subfields, of meteorology, each defined by both the spatial scale of the phenomena they study and by the other branches of science they involve.

source: study.com
Mixed Research
Mixed Research

Mixed methods research begins with the assumption that investigators, in understanding the social and health worlds, gather evidence based on the nature of the question and theoretical orientation.

Oceanography
Oceanography

Oceanography, scientific discipline concerned with all aspects of the world’s oceans and seas, including their physical and chemical properties, their origin and geologic framework, and the life forms that inhabit the marine environment.

Other Types of Research
Other Types of Research

Studies that show the efficacy of a diagnostic test are also called prospective, blind comparison to a gold standard study. This is a controlled trial that looks at patients with varying degrees of an illness and administers both diagnostic tests — the test under investigation and the “gold standard” test — to all of the patients in the study group. The sensitivity and specificity of the new test are compared to that of the gold standard to determine potential usefulness.

image: optoin.it
Physics
Physics

Physics, the study of matter and energy, is an ancient and broad field of science. The word 'physics' comes from the Greek 'knowledge of nature,' and in general, the field aims to analyze and understand the natural phenomena of the universe.

source: study.com
Qualitative Research
Qualitative Research

OBJECTIVE: To compare the assessments of primary care and hospital physicians of quantitative and qualitative research abstracts, and to analyse what they put into 'scientific accuracy'. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Two fictive research abstracts, one quantitative the other qualitative in design, were constructed.

image: dastyr.com
Quantitative Research
Quantitative Research

Future research – note the need for future research linked to your study’s limitations or to any remaining gaps in the literature that were not addressed in your study. Black, Thomas R. Doing Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences: An Integrated Approach to Research Design, Measurement and Statistics.

Zoology
Zoology

Zoology is a complex discipline that studies all animals and draws upon a diverse body of scientific observation and theory. Zoology is a complex discipline that studies all animals and draws upon a diverse body of scientific observation and theory.

source: thoughtco.com