Les Bourgeois de Calais is one of the most famous sculptures by Auguste Rodin. It commemorates an event stated to have occurred during the Hundred Years' War, when Calais, a French port on the English Channel, was under siege by the English for about eleven months.
The Nefertiti Bust is a painted stucco-coated limestone bust of Nefertiti, the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten. The work is believed to have been crafted in 1345 B.C. by the sculptor Thutmose, because it was found in his workshop in Amarna, Egypt.
A cast is the positive or reproduction of the original piece of sculpture created by pouring casting material into a pre-formed mold. Some of the most popular materials used for mold making include: plaster (Gypsum), latex rubber, paste maker, moulage, gelatin, white rubber and polymer or chemically activated multiple part mold rubbers. Popular casting materials include: plaster (Gypsum), resin, metal (bronze, aluminum, lead, silver and gold), and casting rubber.
Modeling, also spelled modelling, in sculpture, working of plastic materials by hand to build up form. Clay and wax are the most common modeling materials, and the artist’s hands are the main tools, though metal and wood implements are often employed in shaping.
The Venus of Willendorf is an 11.1-centimetre-tall (4.4 in) Venus figurine estimated to have been made 30,000 BCE. It was found on August 7, 1908 by a workman named Johann Veran or Josef Veram during excavations conducted by archaeologists Josef Szombathy, Hugo Obermaier and Josef Bayer at a paleolithic site near Willendorf, a village in Lower Austria near the town of Krems.