ADVERTISEMENTS: Forms of Social Control: Informal and Formal Social Control! Different authors have used different terminology to refer different forms of social control as we see in the following table: Authors Forms of Social Control E. A. Ross Formal and Informal C. H. Cooley and Barnard Conscious and Unconscious Karl Mannheim Direct and ...
Bernard also distinguished between exploitative and constructive methods of social control. Exploitative means are such as punishment, reprisals, intimidation, censorship and repression. Among the constructive methods are included revolution, custom, law, education, social reform, non-violent coercion and belief in supernatural forces.
(b) Indirect social control: In this type of social control distant factors keep control over the behaviour of the individual. Such a type of control is exercised by secondary groups through customs; traditions, rationalised behaviour etc. and public opinion are important forms of indirect social control.
One of the effects of social media is encouraging people to form and cherish artificial bonds over actual friendships. The term ‘friend’ as used on social media lacks the intimacy identified with conventional friendships, where people actually know each other, want to talk to each other, have an intimate bond and frequently interact face to face.
As Gillin and Gillin say, “Social control is the system of measures, suggestions, persuasion, restrain and coercion by whatever means including physical force by which society brings into conformity to the approved pattern of behaviour, a subgroup or by which a group moulds into conformity its members”.