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Types of Soldiers

Actarius – A Military or Camp Clerk
Actarius – A Military or Camp Clerk

This is a list of Roman army unit types. Actarius – A military or camp clerk. Adiutor – A camp or headquarters adjutant or assistant. Aeneator – Military musician such as a bugler. Agrimensor – A surveyor (a type of immunes). Aquilifer – Bearer of the legionary eagle. Alaris – A cavalryman serving in an ala.

Adiutor
Adiutor

Contubernium – The smallest organized unit of soldiers in the Roman Army. It was composed of eight legionaries led by a decanus. Ten contubernia formed a centuria. Centuria – 80 men under the command of a centurion and his optio. Six centuriae formed a cohors.

Aeneator
Aeneator

An aeneator (Latin: aēneātor or ahēneātor) ... They had call duties in the barracks, just as other commonly conscripted soldiers had. By contrast, ...

image: alamy.com
Agrimensor
Agrimensor

The agrimensor could mark out the limits of the centuriae, and restore the boundaries where they were confused, but he could not assign without a commission from the emperor. Military persons of various classes are also sometimes mentioned as practising surveying, and settling disputes about boundaries.

Air Force and Air Force Reserve:
Air Force and Air Force Reserve:

The mission of the Air Force Reserve is to Fly, Fight & Win … in air, space and cyberspace. Whether you’ve experienced military life before or not, you have the opportunity to serve your country, earn extra income and gain health, education and other benefits.

source: afreserve.com
Air National Guard:
Air National Guard:

Air National Guard activities may be located on active duty air force bases, air reserve bases, naval air stations/joint reserve bases, or air national guard bases and stations which are either independent military facilities or collocated as tenants on civilian-controlled joint civil-military airports.

Alaris
Alaris

en Soldiers again of good character were allowed, if they so wished, to remain with the legions, or in the cavalry; and this was the choice of many who were worn out with disease, or who shrank from the unhealthiness of the climate.

source: glosbe.com
Aquilifer – Bearer of the Legionary Eagle
Aquilifer – Bearer of the Legionary Eagle

An aquila, or eagle, was a prominent symbol used in ancient Rome, especially as the standard of a Roman legion. A legionary known as an aquilifer, or eagle-bearer, carried this standard. Each legion carried one eagle. The eagle was extremely important to the Roman military, beyond merely being a symbol of a legion.

Architecti – An Engineer or Artillery Constructor
Architecti – An Engineer or Artillery Constructor

Architecti – An engineer or artillery constructor. Armicustos – A soldier tasked with the administration and supply of weapons and equipment. A quartermaster.

image: dvidshub.net
Army
Army

The Army is the largest military branch in the United States. Its job is to protect the country and its citizens. In this section, you’ll learn about the history of the Army, and about some common terms that you’ll hear often as you explore your career options.

source: goarmy.com
Army and Army Reserve:
Army and Army Reserve:

Soldiers in the Army Reserve may be called to active duty to provide their expertise. Your total service length in the Army Reserve may range from three to six years, depending on your Army Reserve job.

source: goarmy.com
Army National Guard:
Army National Guard:

The National Guard is a joint activity of the United States Department of Defense (DoD) composed of reserve components of the United States Army and the United States Air Force: the Army National Guard of the United States and the Air National Guard of the United States respectively.

image: dmna.ny.gov
Army Reserve
Army Reserve

The United States Army Reserve (USAR) is the federal reserve force of the United States Army. Together, the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard constitute the Army element of the Reserve components of the United States Armed Forces.

image: army.mil
Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve:
Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve:

The Coast Guard Reserve has operated since 1939 when it served as an organization of boat owners to promote boating safety. During WWII, the present Coast Guard Reserve was established as a military service, and by the end of the war there were 144,000 Coast Guard Reservists.

source: military.com
image: military.com
Marine Corps
Marine Corps

The most common mistake is confusing the various branches of service: Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps. The problem usually occurs when folks are talking about soldiers; they get mixed up with Marines. It happens all the time in the news.

source: military1.com
Marine Corps and Marine Corps Reserve:
Marine Corps and Marine Corps Reserve:

The Marine Forces Reserve (MARFORRES or MFR), also known as the United States Marine Corps Reserve (USMCR) and the U.S. Marine Corps Forces Reserve, is the reserve force of the United States Marine Corps. It is the largest command in the U.S. Marine Corps.

Marine Corps Reserve
Marine Corps Reserve

The Marine Forces Reserve (MARFORRES or MFR), also known as the United States Marine Corps Reserve (USMCR) and the U.S. Marine Corps Forces Reserve, is the reserve force of the United States Marine Corps. It is the largest command in the U.S. Marine Corps.

Navy
Navy

A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.

Navy and Navy Reserve:
Navy and Navy Reserve:

The Reserve Components of the Armed Forces are: The Army National Guard of the United States, The Army Reserve, The Navy Reserve, The Marine Corps Reserve, The Air National Guard of the United States, The Air Force Reserve, and The Coast Guard Reserve.

source: military.com