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Types of Special Education

Auditory Impairment (AI)
Auditory Impairment (AI)

Finally, it’s important that parents and teachers don’t underestimate a child’s intelligence based on a hearing impairment. Arizona’s Department of Education’s Parent Information Network warns, “For most children with hearing impairments, language acquisition and language development are significantly delayed.

Autism
Autism

This enables a child to receive special education services under this classification if he or she develops signs of autism after his or her third birthday. Typically a psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, physician or other highly qualified professional makes the diagnosis. It would not be uncommon for the evaluation team to suspect Autism ...

Autism (AU)
Autism (AU)

This enables a child to receive special education services under this classification if he or she develops signs of autism after his or her third birthday. Typically a psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, physician or other highly qualified professional makes the diagnosis.

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder

The National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) acknowledges that the phrase “autism spectrum disorder” is gaining momentum because it better captures the similarities between autism and other conditions that fall under this category.

image: fste.edu.hk
Blindness
Blindness

This fallacy persists despite education experts agreeing that special schools are the best environment for some children, and that the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act passed by the U.S. Congress makes access to appropriate educational environments—including schools for the blind—every child's right.

source: afb.org
Cognitive Delays
Cognitive Delays

A global developmental delay is when kids have delays in at least two areas. Kids develop skills in five main areas of development: Cognitive (or thinking) skills: This is the ability to think, learn and solve problems.

Deaf-Blindness (DB)
Deaf-Blindness (DB)

Aside from genetic conditions, causes for deaf-blindness include birth trauma, illness and injury. Possible illnesses and injuries which may lead to deaf-blindness include stroke, meningitis and head trauma. Educational Challenges. The educational challenges related to deaf-blindness vary based upon a student’s individual needs.

Deafness
Deafness

Grand Canyon University - B.S. and M.Ed. in Special Education Definition An inability to comprehend verbal language due to an inability to hear characterizes deafness.

Developmental
Developmental

However, the majority of the time, a developmental preschool (or a special education preschool) is a preschool especially designed for children with special needs, whether it is a disability or a developmental delay, usually after a child has "aged out" of an early intervention (EI) program.

Emotional Disturbance (ED)
Emotional Disturbance (ED)

In the special education realm, conditions which generate behavioral issues fall under the category emotional disturbance. Several disorders receive this classification, as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act’s (IDEA) definition suggests.

image: youtube.com
Hearing Impairment
Hearing Impairment

A hearing loss above 90 decibels is generally considered deafness, which means that a hearing loss below 90 decibels is classified as a hearing impairment. Common Traits. The National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) explains that hearing loss falls into four subcategories: conductive, sensorineural, mixed and central.

Intellectual Disability
Intellectual Disability

An IQ below 70 to 75 indicates an intellectual disability, according to the National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (called NICHCY). The deficits in “adaptive behavior” cited by IDEA prove trickier to evaluate.

Intellectual Disability (ID)
Intellectual Disability (ID)

Need more information on intellectual disabilities? Read about this category of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act in our spec. ed. guide.

Learning Differences/Disabilities
Learning Differences/Disabilities

Learning Differences and Special Education 28 Categories of Disabilities Under IDEA Although the many varieties of learning differences and disabilities defy definitive categorization, for the sake of administering special education services, IDEA roughly categorizes disabilities into thirteen categories.

Learning Disability (LD)
Learning Disability (LD)

Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) is by far the largest category of disability within the Individuals for Disabilities Education Act. Nearly half of all disabled children are labeled in the category of SLD.

Multiple Disabilities
Multiple Disabilities

According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act’s (IDEA), multiple disabilities refers to “concomitant [simultaneous] impairments (such as intellectual disability-blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment, etc.), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the impairments.

image: sesa.org
Orthopedic Impairment
Orthopedic Impairment

Read about what classifies a child as having orthopedic impairments, and how parents and spec. ed. teachers can tackle the resulting educational challenges.

Orthopedic Impairment (OI)
Orthopedic Impairment (OI)

Put directly, orthopedic impairments involve physical disabilities which could affect the academic process. Common Traits. As IDEA’s definition demonstrates, orthopedic impairments can stem from various causes. While most of the causes listed are fairly self-explanatory, “burns that cause contractures” warrants further explanation.

Physical
Physical

The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) states that physical education is a required service for children and youth between the ages of 3 and 21 who qualify for special education services because of a specific disability or developmental delay.

source: thoughtco.com
Social & Emotional Disorders
Social & Emotional Disorders

Most humans are social beings. Recent Examples of social from the Web That, of course, is exactly the point of Westworld: to be a place where people can unshackle themselves from reality and its pesky social mores.

Speech and/or Language Delays
Speech and/or Language Delays

Whether you suspect a language delay or language disorder, it is critical to seek the expertise of a speech-language pathologist to ensure proper observation and intervention as needed. Certified speech-language pathologists are employed in schools, private practice and medical centers/hospitals.

Visual Impairment (VI)
Visual Impairment (VI)

Regarding the previously mentioned educational challenges, Arizona’s Department of Education’s Parent Information Network advises orientation and mobility training to allow a student with a visual impairment to safely move around a classroom.