Acquired brain injury (ABI) is brain damage caused by events after birth, rather than as part of a genetic or congenital disorder such as fetal alcohol syndrome, perinatal illness or perinatal hypoxia. ABI can result in cognitive, physical, emotional, or behavioural impairments that lead to permanent or temporary changes in functioning.
Behavioral and emotional disorders fall under the rubric of "Emotional Disturbance," "Emotional Support," "Severely Emotionally Challenged," or other state designations. "Emotional Disturbance" is the descriptive designation for behavioral and emotional disorders in the Federal Law, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Video: What are Cognitive Disabilities? - Definition, Types & Examples - Definition, Types & Examples Educators must be prepared to work with students with cognitive disabilities. In this lesson, we will review the definition and different types of cognitive disabilities that are present in today's classrooms.
Learn about developmental delays and how to care for children with developmental disabilities. This Care.com Caregiver Guide for Special Needs article gives information to parents and caregivers on how to care for a children, what treatment and therapies are available, and how to overcome common obstacles.
A child with an intellectual disability can do well in school but is likely to need the individualized help that’s available as special education and related services. The level of help and support that’s needed will depend upon the degree of intellectual disability involved.
The special educational requirements of those with learning difficulties, emotional or behavioral problems, or physical disabilities. So it appears that they are educational requirements. “Special needs” is about education “disability” is about your body, your brain, your senses being wired and tapped in a unique way.
At least one restroom must be accessible for individuals with a variety of physical needs. Sit or kneel, if necessary, to visit at a level that is comfortable for both. Invite individuals with physical disabilities to participate and give service. Offer them opportunities to contribute spiritually.
Sometimes called sensory processing disorder or SPD, these issues happen because the brain has trouble organizing information from the senses. Children with sensory processing issues can be oversensitive to sights, sounds, textures, flavors, smells and other sensory input.
fluency, the rhythm and flow of speech (stuttering is a common fluency disorder) voice, the quality of pitch, resonance, or loudness Students with language impairments may have difficulty understanding and being understood through communication — verbal, nonverbal, and written.