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Types of Spinal Diseases

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

What is ALS? ALS, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord.

source: alsa.org
Degenerative Disc Disease
Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is one of the most common causes of low back and neck pain, and also one of the most misunderstood. See Common Causes of Back Pain and Neck Pain Simply put, degenerative disc disease refers to symptoms of back or neck pain caused by wear-and-tear on a spinal disc.

Facet Arthritis
Facet Arthritis

Facet joint disorders are some of the most common of all the recurrent, disabling low back and neck problems, and can cause serious symptoms and disability for patients.

Herniated Nucleus Pulposus
Herniated Nucleus Pulposus

Many Americans encounter spinal conditions that cause pain, discomfort and inflammation every day. Oftentimes, this pain can be linked to a herniated nucleus pulposus, commonly referred to as a herniated or slipped disc. In fact, many Americans will experience a herniated nucleus pulposus at some point in their lives.

Kyphosis
Kyphosis

What are the types of spine curvature disorders? There are three main types of spine curvature disorders, including: Lordosis. Also called swayback, the spine of a person with lordosis curves significantly inward at the lower back. Kyphosis. Kyphosis is characterized by an abnormally rounded upper back (more than 50 degrees of curvature). Scoliosis.

source: webmd.com
Lordosis
Lordosis

What are the types of spine curvature disorders? There are three main types of spine curvature disorders, including: Lordosis. Also called swayback, the spine of a person with lordosis curves significantly inward at the lower back. Kyphosis. Kyphosis is characterized by an abnormally rounded upper back (more than 50 degrees of curvature). Scoliosis.

source: webmd.com
Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative joint disease. It is a condition in which the protective cartilage that cushions the tops of bones degenerates, or wears down. This causes swelling and pain.

source: webmd.com
Scoliosis
Scoliosis

In structural scoliosis, the curve of the spine is rigid and can’t be reversed. Causes include: Cerebral palsy; Muscular dystrophy; Birth defects; Infections; Tumors; Genetic conditions like Marfan syndrome and Down syndrome; Congenital scoliosis begins as a baby’s back develops before birth.

source: webmd.com
Spina Bifida
Spina Bifida

Spina bifida is a birth defect that occurs when the spine and spinal cord don't form properly. It falls under the broader category of neural tube defects. The neural tube is the embryonic structure that eventually develops into the baby's brain and spinal cord and the tissues that enclose them.

Spinal Arachnoiditis
Spinal Arachnoiditis

Arachnoiditis is a pain disorder caused by the inflammation of the arachnoid, one of the membranes that surrounds and protects the nerves of the spinal cord. It is characterized by severe stinging, burning pain, and neurological problems.

source: webmd.com
Spinal Cord Injuries
Spinal Cord Injuries

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is an injury to the spinal cord that results in temporary or permanent changes in the spinal cord’s normal motor, sensory, or autonomic function. People who sustain a spinal cord injury often have permanent and profound neurologic deficits and accompanying disability.

Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Spinal muscular atrophy is an inherited disorder and is passed on in an autosomal recessive manner (see video explanation of autosomal recessive inheritance). In December 2016, nusinersen became the first approved drug to treat SMA while several other compounds remain in clinical trials.

Spinal Stenosis
Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is most commonly caused by wear-and-tear changes in the spine related to osteoarthritis. In severe cases of spinal stenosis, doctors may recommend surgery to create additional space for the spinal cord or nerves.

image: nlm.nih.gov
Syringomyelia
Syringomyelia

Syringomyelia develops when cerebrospinal fluid, which usually flows around the outside of your brain and spinal cord, collects inside your spinal cord and forms a fluid-filled cyst (syrinx). Syringomyelia (sih-ring-go-my-E-lee-uh) is the development of a fluid-filled cyst (syrinx) within your spinal cord. Over time, the cyst may enlarge, damaging your spinal cord and causing pain, weakness and stiffness, among other symptoms.

Vertebra Fracture
Vertebra Fracture

Because osteoporosis is a "silent" disease, meaning that there are typically no symptoms until a fracture occurs, it is not uncommon for someone with back pain to be unaware of the fact that he or she has actually fractured a vertebra (or multiple vertebrae) in their spine.

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