The Black Hills spruce is the state tree of South Dakota, and for good reason. This variety of the more widespread white spruce is found naturally only in southwest South Dakota and a small portion of northeast Wyoming. In fact, it is the only spruce native to the Black Hills region.
Engelmann trees these days are so small and twisted that we get a fair amount of runout (grain that doesn't run parallel to the surface) and as a result, mismatched tops. Sonically, Engelmann has a mature tone, and yields a slightly richer midrange than Sitka, which makes a guitar sound a bit older.
Picea aurantiaca is a subalpine species, occurring between 2600 m and 3800 m a.s.l. (-4000 m according to Rehder and Wilson 1914). It is mostly found on calcareous soils. The climate is cold and precipitation varies from high (no figures recorded) in the lower elevations of the SE of its range to only 500-700 mm in the NW.
Picea breweriana, known as Brewer spruce, Brewer's weeping spruce, or weeping spruce, is a species of spruce native to western North America, where it is one of the rarest on the continent, endemic to the Klamath Mountains of southwest Oregon and northwest California.
Picea chihuahuana, the Chihuahua spruce, is a medium-sized evergreen tree growing to 25–35 m tall, and with a trunk diameter of up to 1 m. It is native to northwest Mexico, where it occurs in 25 small populations in the Sierra Madre Occidental mountains in Chihuahua and Durango.
Picea crassifolia, as described in 1923 by Vladimir Leontyevich Komarov (1869–1945), in the 4th edition of Botanicheskie Materialy Gerbariya Glavnogo Botanicheskogo Sada RSFSR (Petrograd), is commonly known as Qinghai spruce; as well as 青海云杉 (Qinghai yunshan) in the Chinese.
Reginald Farrer. Picea farreri, as described in 1980 by Christopher Nigel Page (born 1942) and Keith D. Rushforth (born 1953) in the 38th edition of Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, is commonly known as Farrer’s spruce; as well as 缅甸云杉 (mian dian yunshan) in the Chinese language.
Picea glehnii, the Sakhalin spruce' or Glehn’s spruce, is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It was named after a Russian botanist, taxonomist, Sakhalin and Amur river regions explorer, geographer and hydrographer Peter von Glehn (1835—1876), the person who was the first to describe this conifer. In Japan people call this tree アカエゾマツ, which means “red spruce”.
Picea martinezii, the Martinez spruce, is a medium-sized evergreen tree growing to 25–35 m tall, and with a trunk diameter of up to 1 m. It is native to northeast Mexico, where it occurs at two localities in the Sierra Madre Oriental mountains in Nuevo León.
To another Picea Species: Large pyramidal spruce of Chinese origin with fairly dense habit. Displays superlative coning characteristics. Blue needles on ascending branches. Displays superlative coning characteristics. Blue needles on ascending branches.
Picea morrisonicola, the Taiwan spruce, is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is found only in Taiwan, and it is the only species of spruce in Taiwan. Taiwan spruce is a large tree, up to 50 m (160 ft) in height and 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) in diameter.
Picea obovata var. seminskiensis Luchnik Picea obovata var. tschiketamanica Luchnik Picea obovata, the Siberian spruce, is a spruce native to Siberia, from the Ural Mountains east to Magadan Oblast, and from the Arctic tree line south to the Altay Mountains in northwestern Mongolia.
Picea omorika, common name Serbian spruce (Serbian: Панчићева оморика, Bosnian: Pančićeva omorika, pronounced [pâːnt͡ʃit͡ɕɛv̞a ɔmɔ̌rika]), is a species of coniferous tree endemic to the Drina River valley in western Serbia, and eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a total range of only about 60 ha, at 800–1,600 m (2,625–5,249 ft) altitude.
Picea orientalis, commonly known as the Oriental spruce or Caucasian spruce, is a species of spruce native to the Caucasus and adjacent northeast Turkey. Description It is a large coniferous evergreen tree growing to 30–45 m tall or 98–145 feet (exceptionally to 57 m), and with a trunk diameter of up to 1.5 m (exceptionally up to 4 m).
Picea purpurea, also known as purple cone spruce and purple-coned spruce is a species of spruce found only in China. It is likely to be a hybrid species produced by crosses between Picea likiangensis and Picea wilsonii, or possibly involving other species.
Picea smithiana, the Morinda spruce or West Himalayan spruce, is a spruce native to the western Himalaya and adjacent mountains, from northeast Afghanistan east, India to central Nepal. It grows at altitudes of 2,400-3,600 m in forests together with deodar cedar, blue pine and pindrow fir.
Picea spinulosa, the Sikkim spruce, is a spruce native to the eastern Himalaya, in India , Nepal and Bhutan. It grows at altitudes of 2,400-3,700 m in mixed coniferous forests. It is a large evergreen tree growing to 40–55 m tall (exceptionally to 65 m), and with a trunk diameter of up to 1-2.5 m.
Picea torano, as described in 1893 by (Siebold ex K.Koch) Bernhard Adalbert Emil Koehne (1848–1918), in the 22nd edition of Deutsche Dendrologie, is commonly known as Tiger-tail spruce to English speakers; as Tigerschwanz-Fichte in the German language; and as ハリモミ (hari-momi, bara-momi torano-momi) in Japanese.
But the white spruce is more than just a pretty face. Commercially it, it is a mainstay of the pulp and paper industry and well-used for construction lumber. In landscape, it is a lovely specimen tree or grouping, a sturdy option for windbreaks and buffer strips, and serves as a great visual screen.