Backstitch or back stitch and its variants stem stitch, outline stitch and split stitch are a class of embroidery and sewing stitches in which individual stitches are made backward to the general direction of sewing. In embroidery, these stitches form lines and are most often used to outline shapes and to add fine detail to an embroidered picture.
Basting can hold slippery fabric together while sewing regular stitches. Basting first allows... MORE the basting stitches to be easily removed if the fabric does slip out of place. Basting is used to create temporary stitching such as the process of sewing in a zipper.
Cross-stitch is a form of sewing and a popular form of counted-thread embroidery in which X-shaped stitches in a tiled, raster-like pattern are used to form a picture. The stitcher counts the threads on a piece of evenweave fabric (such as linen) in each direction so that the stitches are of uniform size and appearance.
Chain stitch is a sewing and embroidery technique in which a series of looped stitches form a chain-like pattern. Chain stitch is an ancient craft – examples of surviving Chinese chain stitch embroidery worked in silk thread have been dated to the Warring States period (5th – 3rd century BC).
The straight feather stitch is worked in the same manner as the basic feather stitch shown on the previous page, with the exception of the loops lining up. When working the straight feather stitch, the loops are spaced one under the other along one side (in this case, aligned to the left), giving a straight appearance on the right or left side.
Also known as: Detached chain stitch. This is often used to give petal designs and small floral patterns. It consists of a single loop of chain than the continuous pattern. Lazy daisy is one of the extremely easy stitches. This stitch need not be limited to just petals and leaves, but can be used for more complicated designs too.
Encroaching satin stitch, in which the top of each row of stitches is set between the bottom of the stitches on the previous row. Long-and-short stitch, used for fine shading; in the first row of satin stitches, every other stitch is half the length of its neighbors.
Slip Stitches Used for Joining Crocheted Elements Together. Slip stitches are often used to join one crocheted element to another. My hat is one good example, but there are many other possibilities. Similarly, you might also use slip stitch as a means to join crocheted squares together or to stitch up the shoulder seams or sleeves on a sweater. If there's anything else you'd like to join, slip stitch is a good candidate for doing so.
The split stitch and split backstitch look very similar from the front, but they are visibly different from the back. The split stitch looks like a standard backstitch from the back of the fabric. The split backstitch is much thicker and messier when viewed from the back.
A zigzag stitch is variant geometry of the lockstitch. It is a back-and-forth stitch used where a straight stitch will not suffice, such as in reinforcing buttonholes, in stitching stretchable fabrics, and in temporarily joining two work pieces edge-to-edge.