For sutures, doctors use a thread or strand of material to perform wound closure. The term "stitches" refers to the surgical procedure or process of closing a wound with sutures. Staples are another material that doctors sometimes use to make sutures or stitches. Types of Sutures and Stitches. Sutures can be either absorbable or nonabsorbable.
Basting can hold slippery fabric together while sewing regular stitches. Basting first allows... MORE the basting stitches to be easily removed if the fabric does slip out of place. Basting is used to create temporary stitching such as the process of sewing in a zipper.
The "Running" stitch is made with one continuous length of suture material. Used to close tissue layers which require close approximation, such as the peritoneum. May also be used in skin or blood vessels. The advantages of the running stitch are speed of execution, and accommodation of edema during the wound healing process.
Sutures are normally classifed into general sutures, cardiovascular sutures, valve sutures, orthopaedic sutures, dental sutures, gynaec, veterinary sutures, cosmetic surgery sutures, ophthalmic sutures etc. A variety of suture materials may be used for a particular application based on the requirements. However, the suture sizes, length, needle profiles, etc., will be with a small change for a particular application.
Sutures were made of plant materials (flax, hemp and cotton) or animal material (hair, tendons, arteries, muscle strips and nerves, silk, and catgut). The earliest reports of surgical suture date to 3000 BC in ancient Egypt, and the oldest known suture is in a mummy from 1100 BC.