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Types of Swallows

Alopochelidon​
Alopochelidon​

The swallows and martins, or Hirundinidae, are a family of passerine birds found around the world on all continents except Antarctica. Highly adapted to aerial feeding, they have a distinctive appearance.

image: flickr.com
American Cliff ​Swallow​
American Cliff ​Swallow​

The American cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) is a member of the passerine bird family Hirundinidae consisting of both swallow and martin species. The scientific name is derived from Ancient Greek; Petrochelidon originates from the petros meaning "rock" and khelidon "swallow", pyrrhonota comes from purrhos meaning "flame-coloured" and -notos "-backed".

American Cliff Swallow
American Cliff Swallow

Description. The American cliff swallow's average body length is 13 cm (5.1 in), they have short legs and small bills with relatively long pointed wings. Adult cliff swallows have an overall dark brownish plumage covering both their back and wings, they have a characteristic white forehead, rich red coloured cheeks with a dark throat, basic white underparts and a buffy-coloured rump.

Asian House ​Martin​
Asian House ​Martin​

The Asian House Martin has a large breeding range that exceeds 3 million square kilometers. This common swallow breeds in Japan, the Korean peninsula, southeastern Russia, Mongolia, and China. It mostly winters in southern Asia south to Indonesia. It catches small insects during flight over a wide variety of urban, forested, and open habitats.

Atticora​
Atticora​

Atticora is a genus of bird in the swallow family Hirundinidae.These species are found in South America.. It contains the following two species: White-banded swallow (Atticora fasciata)

Bahama ​Swallow​
Bahama ​Swallow​

The Bahama swallow winters throughout the eastern Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands. It is a rare vagrant elsewhere during migration, including south Florida and the Florida Keys. It is also an occasional vagrant to the southerly Americas. T. cyaneoviridis is a bird of the Caribbean pine forests.

Barn Swallow​
Barn Swallow​

Glistening cobalt blue above and tawny below, Barn Swallows dart gracefully over fields, barnyards, and open water in search of flying insect prey. Look for the long, deeply forked tail that streams out behind this agile flyer and sets it apart from all other North American swallows.

Barn Swallow
Barn Swallow

The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) is the most widespread species of swallow in the world. It is a distinctive passerine bird with blue upperparts, a long, deeply forked tail and curved, pointed wings.

Brazza's ​Martin​
Brazza's ​Martin​

Brazza's martin (Phedina brazzae) is a passerine bird in the swallow family, Hirundinidae. ... As with other swallows, Brazza's martin feeds on flying insects, ...

Brazza's Martin
Brazza's Martin

Brazza's martin (Phedina brazzae) is a passerine bird in the swallow family, Hirundinidae. It is 12 cm (4.25 in) long with grey-brown upperparts, heavily black-streaked white underparts, and a brownish tint to the breast plumage.

image: phlumf.com
Brown-Bellied ​Swallow​
Brown-Bellied ​Swallow​

The brown-bellied swallow (Notiochelidon murina) is a species of bird in the family Hirundinidae. It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland, subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, and pastureland.

Cave Swallow​
Cave Swallow​

The cave swallow is a passerine belonging to the swallow and martin family, Hirundinidae. The genus Petrochelidon is a collection of cliff-nesting swallows and martins, though only the two South American subspecies prefer nesting on cliff-faces.

image: audubon.org
Chilean ​Swallow​
Chilean ​Swallow​

The Chilean swallow (Tachycineta leucopyga) is a species of bird in the family Hirundinidae.It breeds in Chile and Patagonia, migrating north as far as Bolivia, Paraguay, and Rio Grande do Sul

Chilean Swallow
Chilean Swallow

The Chilean swallow is evaluated to be least concern by the IUCN. The justification for this is the fact that the species is believed to have a range of about 2,180,000 km 2 (840,000 sq mi), its population is increasing, and the population is not believed to be small enough to be vulnerable under the population size criterion.

Cliff Swallows​
Cliff Swallows​

Busy flocks of Cliff Swallows often swarm around bridges and overpasses in summer, offering passers-by a chance to admire avian architecture and family life at once. Clusters of their intricate mud nests cling to vertical walls, and when a Cliff Swallow is home you can see its bright forehead glowing from the dim entrance.

Cliff Swallows
Cliff Swallows

Barn swallows and cliff swallows may look similar at first glance, but they are easy to tell apart with a little practice

Common ​House Martin​
Common ​House Martin​

House martins, sand martins and swallows are all roughly robin-to-blackbird sized birds in the same family (Hirundinidae) and are not only easily confused with one another but also with the larger, unrelated swift.

source: bbc.co.uk
Eurasian Crag Martin
Eurasian Crag Martin

The Eurasian crag martin or just crag martin (Ptyonoprogne rupestris) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It is about 14 cm (5.5 in) long with ash-brown upperparts and paler underparts, and a short, square tail that has distinctive white patches on most of its feathers.

image: arkive.org
Eurasian Crag ​Martin​
Eurasian Crag ​Martin​

The Eurasian crag martin or just crag martin (Ptyonoprogne rupestris) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It is about 14 cm (5.5 in) long with ash-brown upperparts and paler underparts, and a short, square tail that has distinctive white patches on most of its feathers.

Golden ​Swallow​
Golden ​Swallow​

The golden swallow (Tachycineta euchrysea) is a passerine in the swallow family, Hirundinidae. Two subspecies are recognised, the Jamaican T. e. euchrysea and T. e. sclateri of Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic). It usually inhabits the hills on the interior of islands, preferring open country.

image: arkive.org
Greater Striped Swallow
Greater Striped Swallow

The greater striped swallow is common, unafraid of humans, and has benefited from the availability of nest sites around habitation. It feeds mainly on flying insects, but has been known to eat small fruits.

Greater ​Striped Swallow​
Greater ​Striped Swallow​

The greater striped swallow is 18–20 cm long. It has dark blue upperparts with a pale orange rump and a chestnut crown, nape and sides of the head. The underparts and underwing coverts are creamy white with dark streaking, and the upper wings and underwing flight feathers are blackish-brown.

Haplochelidon
Haplochelidon

Swallows are excellent flyers, and use these skills to feed and attract a mate. Some species, like the mangrove swallow, are territorial, whereas others are not and simply defend their nesting site. In general, the males select a nest site, and then attract a female using song and flight, and (dependent on the species) guard their territory.

Haplochelidon​
Haplochelidon​

The swallows and martins, or Hirundinidae, are a family of passerine birds found around the world on all continents except Antarctica. Highly adapted to aerial feeding, they have a distinctive appearance.

Hirundininae​
Hirundininae​

The swallows and martins, or Hirundinidae, are a family of passerine birds found around the world on all continents except Antarctica. Highly adapted to aerial feeding, they have a distinctive appearance. The term Swallow is used colloquially in Europe as a synonym for the barn swallow.

Mangrove ​Swallow​
Mangrove ​Swallow​

The mangrove swallow (Tachycineta albilinea) is a passerine bird in the swallow family that breeds in coastal regions from Mexico through Central America to Panama. It has blue-green upperparts, blackish flight feathers, a white rump, a black tail, and white underparts.

Mascarene ​Martin​
Mascarene ​Martin​

The Mascarene martin or Mascarene swallow (Phedina borbonica) ... A Handbook to the Swallows and Martins of the World. London: Christopher Helm.

Mountain saw-Wing
Mountain saw-Wing

The mountain saw-wing (Psalidoprocne fuliginosa), also known as the mountain rough-winged swallow or the Cameroon Mountain rough-winged swallow is a species of bird in the family Hirundinidae.

Mountain ​saw-Wing​
Mountain ​saw-Wing​

The mountain saw-wing (Psalidoprocne fuliginosa), also known as the mountain rough-winged swallow or the Cameroon Mountain rough-winged swallow is a species of bird in the family Hirundinidae.

Neochelidon​
Neochelidon​

Swallows are tolerated by humans because of their beneficial role as insect-eaters, and some species have readily adapted to nesting in and around human habitation. The barn swallow and house martin now rarely use natural sites.

New World Martins
New World Martins

swallow, The swallows and martins, or Hirundinidae, are a family of passerine birds found around the world on all continents except Antarctica. Highly adapted

image: flickr.com
New World ​Martins​
New World ​Martins​

The swallows have a cosmopolitan distribution across the world and breed on all the continents except Antarctica. It is believed that this family originated in Africa as hole-nesters; Africa still has the greatest diversity of species.

Notiochelidon

The swallows and martins, or Hirundinidae, are a family of passerine birds found around the world on all continents except Antarctica. Highly adapted to aerial feeding, they have a distinctive appearance. The term Swallow is used colloquially in Europe as a synonym for the barn swallow.

Notiochelidon​
Notiochelidon​

swallow, The swallows and martins, or Hirundinidae, are a family of passerine birds found around the world on all continents except Antarctica. Highly adapted Highly adapted Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.

Pale Crag Martin
Pale Crag Martin

The pale crag martin (Ptyonoprogne obsoleta) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family that is resident in northern Africa and in southwestern Asia east to Pakistan.

Pale Crag ​Martin​
Pale Crag ​Martin​

The pale crag martin is much drabber than most African swallows, and confusion is unlikely except with other crag martins or with sand martins of the genus Riparia. It is 15% smaller, paler and greyer than the Eurasian crag martin, and has smaller tail spots.

image: snipview.com
Purple Martin
Purple Martin

Purple Martin, Swallows and Swifts of North America. Chimney Swift. Small cigar-shaped body - flies fast and high over urban areas or low over lakes and rivers. Brown body. Twittering call. In flight, this bird looks like a flying cigar with long slender curved wings.

source: surfbirds.com
image: etsy.com
Purple Martin​
Purple Martin​

Purple Martins have become so uncommon in much of the northern US that many folks don't know how to recognize them. One of the biggest mistakes a new Purple Martin landlord hopeful can make is to misidentify Tree Swallows as martins and allow them to occupy the martin house.

Red-Rumped ​Swallow​
Red-Rumped ​Swallow​

The red-rumped swallow (Cecropis daurica) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It breeds in open hilly country of temperate southern Europe and Asia from Portugal and Spain to Japan, India, Sri Lanka and tropical Africa.

River Martin
River Martin

The river martins form a distinctive subfamily Pseudochelidoninae within the swallow and martin bird family Hirundinidae. The two species are the African river martin Pseudochelidon eurystomina, found in the Congo and Gabon, and the white-eyed river martin Pseudochelidon sirintarae, known only from one site in Thailand.

image: snipview.com
River Martin​
River Martin​

The river martins form a distinctive subfamily Pseudochelidoninae within the swallow and martin bird family Hirundinidae. The two species are the African river martin Pseudochelidon eurystomina, found in the Congo and Gabon, and the white-eyed river martin Pseudochelidon sirintarae, known only from one site in Thailand.These are medium-sized, largely black swallows that have a light buoyant ...

Rock Martin​
Rock Martin​

The rock martin (Ptyonoprogne fuligula) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family that is resident in central and southern Africa. It breeds mainly in the mountains, but also at lower altitudes, especially in rocky areas and around towns, and, unlike most swallows, it is often found far from water.

Rough-Winged Swallows
Rough-Winged Swallows

Northern Rough-winged Swallows are common throughout the United States and southern Canada during the summer. Look for them flying low over lakes, ponds, and rivers. They tend to fly lower to the water than other swallows and fly with slower and more deliberate wingbeats.

image: audubon.org
Rough-​Winged Swallows​
Rough-​Winged Swallows​

The Northern Rough-winged Swallow's plain brown back and dusky throat doesn't stand out, allowing it to sometimes go unnoticed in flocks of brighter swallow species.

image: audubon.org
Sand Martin
Sand Martin

The sand martin (Riparia riparia) or European sand martin, bank swallow in the Americas, and collared sand martin in the Indian Subcontinent, is a migratory passerine bird in the swallow family. It has a wide range in summer, embracing practically the whole of Europe and the Mediterranean countries, part of northern Asia and also North America.

image: rspb.org.uk
Sand Martin​
Sand Martin​

The sand martin (Riparia riparia) or European sand martin, bank swallow in the Americas, and collared sand martin in the Indian Subcontinent, is a migratory passerine bird in the swallow family. It has a wide range in summer, embracing practically the whole of Europe and the Mediterranean countries, part of northern Asia and also North America.

Sand Martins
Sand Martins

The sand martin (Riparia riparia) or European sand martin, bank swallow in the Americas, and collared sand martin in the Indian Subcontinent, is a migratory passerine bird in the swallow family. It has a wide range in summer, embracing practically the whole of Europe and the Mediterranean countries, part of northern Asia and also North America.

image: rspb.org.uk
Sand Martins​
Sand Martins​

The sand martin (Riparia riparia) or European sand martin, bank swallow in the Americas, and collared sand martin in the Indian Subcontinent, is a migratory passerine bird in the swallow family. It has a wide range in summer, embracing practically the whole of Europe and the Mediterranean countries, part of northern Asia and also North America.

image: rspb.org.uk
Saw-Wing​
Saw-Wing​

The saw-wings, Psalidoprocne, is a small genus of passerine birds in the swallow family. The common name of this group is derived from the rough outer edge of the outer primary feather on the wing, which is rough due to recurved barbs.

South African ​Cliff Swallow​
South African ​Cliff Swallow​

The South African cliff swallow (Petrochelidon spilodera), also known as the South African swallow, is a species of bird in the family Hirundinidae native to central−western and southern Africa. It is found in Botswana, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.