Sweet peppers don't come in just red and green anymore—yellow orange, and even purple bell peppers are fairly commonplace. Plus, there are more kinds of sweet pepper than just different colors of bell peppers. See the rest of these slides to get a taste of the range of pepper you may come across at farmers markets and specialty stores.
Capsicum Baccatum originated in ancient Peru, particularly the aji amarillo chili. An interesting and unique fact about this Capsicum species is that it was the first and only species of pepper to be introduced to (and subsequently cultivated in) South and Central America by Spanish colonizers. With all other varieties, the opposite has been true.
The Capsicum Chinense species produces some of the hottest and spiciest pepper varieties on earth, including the habanero. The combination of the fruity aroma and intense spiciness makes the peppers of this species a passionate favorite among hot-pepper lovers.
The Carolina Reaper, originally named the HP22B, is a cultivar of the Capsicum chinense plant. The pepper is red and gnarled, with a small pointed tail. In 2013, Guinness World Records dubbed it the hottest chili pepper in the world, surpassing the previous record holder, the Trinidad Scorpion "Butch T".
Sweet and Cayenne...two words that aren't typically used together! Unique, cayenne-shaped sweet peppers grow up to 12" long, with crunchy, thin-walled fruits that are excellent in stir-fries. Plants produce prolific harvests of fruits that mature green to red.
That fire you feel when you bite into a jalapeno? That's responsible for some of the pepper's health benefits. That heat comes from a chemical called capsaicin, which has been linked to natural pain-relieving properties. Some preliminary studies show that capsaicin might also make food more filling.
In African and Portuguese cultures, the piri piri is often used in a marinade with variations on the following range of ingredients: piri piri, onion, garlic, black pepper, salt, lemon zest and/or lemon juice, basil, bay leaf, tarragon, oregano, pimento and paprika.
T he word "pepper" refers to members of the genus Capsicum, which includes hot varieties, also known as chile peppers, and sweet varieties, such as the bell pepper. Up until the arrival of Spanish and Portuguese explorers in the New World, peppers grew only in Latin America.
On February 13, 2012, New Mexico State University's Chile Pepper Institute identified the Trinidad moruga scorpion as the hottest chili in the world, with a mean heat of more than 1.2 million Scoville heat units (SHUs) and individual plants with a heat of more than 2 million SHUs.
The "scorpion" peppers are referred to as such because the pointed end of the pepper is said to resemble a scorpion's stinger. World record. The Trinidad scorpion 'Butch T' pepper was, for three years, ranked the most pungent ("hot") pepper in the world according to Guinness World Records.