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Types of Tectonic Plates

African Plate – 61,300,000 km2
African Plate – 61,300,000 km2

The African Plate is a major tectonic plate straddling the equator as well as the prime meridian. It includes much of the continent of Africa, as well as oceanic crust which lies between the continent and various surrounding ocean ridges.

Antarctic Plate
Antarctic Plate

The Antarctic Plate is a tectonic plate containing the continent of Antarctica and extending outward under the surrounding oceans.

Antarctic Plate – 60,900,000 km2
Antarctic Plate – 60,900,000 km2

The adjoining plates are the Nazca Plate, the South American Plate, the African Plate, the Somali Plate, the Indo-Australian Plate, the Pacific Plate, and, across a transform boundary, the Scotia Plate. The Antarctic plate has an area of about 60,900,000 km 2 (23,500,000 sq mi). It is the Earth's fifth-largest plate.

Convergent Boundaries
Convergent Boundaries

When a convergent boundary occurs between two oceanic plates, one of those plates will subduct beneath the other. Normally the older plate will subduct because of its higher density. The subducting plate is heated as it is forced deeper into the mantle, and at a depth of about 100 miles (150 km) the plate begins to melt.

source: geology.com
Divergent Boundaries
Divergent Boundaries

A divergent boundary occurs when two tectonic plates move away from each other. Along these boundaries, lava spews from long fissures and geysers spurt superheated water. Frequent earthquakes strike along the rift. Beneath the rift, magma—molten rock—rises from the mantle.

Eurasian Plate
Eurasian Plate

The Eurasian Plate is a tectonic plate which includes most of the continent of Eurasia (a landmass consisting of the traditional continents of Europe and Asia), with the notable exceptions of the Indian subcontinent, the Arabian subcontinent, and the area east of the Chersky Range in East Siberia.

Eurasian Plate – 67,800,000 km2
Eurasian Plate – 67,800,000 km2

The Eurasian Plate is a tectonic plate which includes most of the continent of Eurasia (a landmass consisting of the traditional continents of Europe and Asia), with the notable exceptions of the Indian subcontinent, the Arabian subcontinent, and the area east of the Chersky Range in East Siberia.

Indo-Australian Plate
Indo-Australian Plate

The Indo-Australian Plate is a major tectonic plate that includes the continent of Australia and surrounding ocean, and extends northwest to include the Indian subcontinent and adjacent waters. It was formed by the fusion of Indian and Australian plates approximately 43 million years ago.

North American Plate
North American Plate

The North American plate’s interactions with other plates generate various geologic features on its surface, from mountain belts to faults.

North American Plate – 75,900,000 km2
North American Plate – 75,900,000 km2

The North American Plate is a tectonic plate covering most of North America, Greenland, Cuba, the Bahamas, extreme northeastern Asia, and parts of Iceland and the Azores. It extends eastward to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and westward to the Chersky Range in eastern Siberia.

Pacific Plate
Pacific Plate

The Pacific Plate is a massive tectonic plate lying underneath the Pacific Ocean, and the largest oceanic plate of the planet.

Pacific Plate – 103,300,000 km2
Pacific Plate – 103,300,000 km2

Size of the Pacific Ocean plate The Pacific Plate covers about 103,300,000 square kilometers of our planet. The Pacific Ocean, which is larger, covers about one-third of the Earth. The deepest point in the oceans is located where the Mariana Plate overrides the plate creating the Mariana Trench.

South American Plate
South American Plate

South American plate is a relatively large sized plate located below the continent, South America. South American plate is bounded by African plate in the east, Nazca plate in the west, Antarctic plate and Scotia plate in the south, and Caribbean plate and North American plate in the north.

South American Plate – 43,600,000 km2
South American Plate – 43,600,000 km2

43,600,000 km 2 (16,800,000 sq mi) ... Plate: The South American Plate is a tectonic plate which includes the ... western edge of the South American Plate along the ...