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Types of Temperament

Choleric
Choleric

In our distant ancestors, the choleric members of the pack would be the alphas, the leaders. They would command their subordinates, and assert their dominance using force. If challenged, they would respond by getting angry, larger, in order to intimidate and to prove that THEY were the strongest, the most fit to lead.

Choleric: Yellow Bile;
Choleric: Yellow Bile;

Those with too much yellow bile were choleric, and those with too much black bile were melancholic. The idea of human personality based on humors contributed to the character comedies of Menander and, later, Plautus. Through the neo-classical revival in Europe, the humor theory dominated medical practice, and the theory of humoral types made periodic appearances in drama. Because people ...

INFJ - The Protector
INFJ - The Protector

The Protector As an INFJ, your primary mode of living is focused internally, where you take things in primarily via intuition. Your secondary mode is external, where you deal with things according to how you feel about them, or how they fit with your personal value system.

INFP - The Idealist
INFP - The Idealist

INFP Personality (“The Mediator”) INFP personalities are true idealists, always looking for the hint of good in even the worst of people and events, searching for ways to make things better. While they may be perceived as calm, reserved, or even shy, INFPs have an inner flame and passion that can truly shine.

INTJ - The Scientist
INTJ - The Scientist

Portrait of an INTJ - Introverted iNtuitive Thinking Judging (Introverted Intuition with Extraverted Thinking) The Scientist. As an INTJ, your primary mode of living is focused internally, where you take things in primarily via your intuition.

INTP - The Thinker
INTP - The Thinker

What is Thinker INTP Personality Type? - Myers-Briggs® Personality Test / MBTI® Personality Test To Identify Your Myers-Briggs® Personality Type / MBTI® Personality Type (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®) - Your Free Personality Test - Scientifically Reliable Results In Only 5 Minutes

ISFJ - The Nurturer
ISFJ - The Nurturer

ISFJ Personality (“The Defender”) Love only grows by sharing. You can only have more for yourself by giving it away to others. Brian Tracy. The ISFJ personality type is quite unique, as many of their qualities defy the definition of their individual traits.

ISFP - The Artist
ISFP - The Artist

ISFP personality types are true artists, but not necessarily in the typical sense where they’re out painting happy little trees. Often enough though, they are perfectly capable of this. Rather, it’s that they use aesthetics, design and even their choices and actions to push the limits of social convention. ISFPs enjoy upsetting traditional expectations with experiments in beauty and ...

ISTP - The Mechanic
ISTP - The Mechanic

ISTP: The Mechanic If you’ve arrived at this page without taking the personality test you can take the test at this link. ISTP (introverted, sensing, thinking, perceiving) is one of the 16 personality types identified by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.

Melancholic
Melancholic

Melancholic In a nutshell... Melancholic people are emotionally sensitive, perfectionistic introverts. Perfectionistic. The defining feature of a melancholic attitude is perfectionism.

Melancholic: Black Bile
Melancholic: Black Bile

PATHOLOGIES OF BLACK BILE The Melancholic humor, or black bile, is the humor most prone to aggravation and pathology. In fact, the very word "melancholy" is almost synonymous with morbidity.

Phlegmatic
Phlegmatic

Phlegmatic In a nutshell... Phlegmatic people are meek, submissive introverts who live to please others. Submissive. Phlegmatics do not act as if they are better than others. They are eager to please, and quick to give in to others rather than asserting their own desires as if they're the most important.

Phlegmatic: Phlegm;
Phlegmatic: Phlegm;

Phlegm was paired with water—the cold, moist element—and it was believed to impart the cool, calm, unemotional personality we now call the "phlegmatic type." That's a bit odd, given that the term derives from the Greek phlegma, which literally means "flame," perhaps a reflection of the inflammation that colds and flus often bring.

Sanguine
Sanguine

The Four temperament theory is a proto-psychological theory that suggests that there are four fundamental personality types: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic. Most formulations include the possibility of mixtures between the types where an individual's personality types overlap and they share two or more temperaments.

Sanguine: Blood;
Sanguine: Blood;

Sanguine has quite a few relatives in English. Sangfroid ("self-possession especially under strain") and sanguineous ("bloodthirsty") are consanguineous with sanguine. (Consanguineous, means "descended from the same ancestor.") The tie that binds these words is sanguis, the Latin word for blood.