Critical Thinking. Critical thinking refers to the process of actively analyzing, assessing, synthesizing, evaluating and reflecting on information gathered from observation, experience, or communication. It is thinking in a clear, logical, reasoned, and reflective manner to solve problems or make decisions.
Universal intellectual standards are standards which must be applied to thinking whenever one is interested in checking the quality of reasoning about a problem, issue, or situation. To think critically entails having command of these standards.
Sir I think you may be right about differences between convergent thinking and divergent thinking. But convergent thinking does not limit its values only to answers of complex questions but it may also be defined as the thinking which develops the creative ideas about future.
Critical Thinking, on the other hand, is more evaluative in nature and analyses a particular thing. Hence, one can conclude that while Creative thinking is generative in purpose, Critical Thinking is analytical in purpose. This is one of the main differences between creative thinking and critical thinking.
But as we ascend in the social scale, the process of discriminating and being discriminated by hearing increases in difficulty, partly because voices are assimilated, partly because the faculty of voice-discrimination is a plebeian virtue not much developed among the Aristocracy.
Robert H. Ennis, Author of The Cornell Critical Thinking Tests "Critical thinking is reasonable, reflective thinking that is focused on deciding what to believe and do." A SUPER-STREAMLINED CONCEPTION OF CRITICAL THINKING Robert H. Ennis, 6/20/02. Assuming that critical thinking is reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do, a critical thinker: 1.
A reader involved in making predictions is focused on the text at hand, constantly thinking ahead and also refining, revising, and verifying his or her predictions. This strategy also helps students make connections between their prior knowledge and the text.
Cognitive Styles. Different people have different ways of thinking. The concept of cognitive styles addresses this issue, defining different overall patterns of thinking or approaching problems. Analytic vs. Holistic Thinking. One of the most common distinctions in the literature on cognitive style is between analytic and holistic styles.
In Transforming Critical Thinking, Thayer-Bacon argues for the transformation of Â critical thinking theory through a â€˜feminist redescription of critical thinkingâ€™, which she terms â€˜constructive thinkingâ€™ (p. xiii).