Clearly, Hamlet is a character with whom the audience is able to sympathize, thus making Hamlet a tragedy. Likewise, as in a great tragedy, Hamlet is himself a flawed yet admirable protagonist: The protagonist must be an admirable but flawed character, with the audience able to understand and sympathize with the character.
One of the key tragic elements of William Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" is the way in which characters dismiss their own feelings and loyalties in favor of public duty. Brutus, for instance, ignores his friendship with the title character in order to kill him for what he deems to be the common good ...
Tragedy. Like Hamlet and Macbeth, King Lear is a tragedy, which is a genre that has some basic rules and conventions. What are these basic rules and conventions, you ask? Let's take a look at our nifty checklist and find out. Dramatic work: Check. King Lear is most definitely a play. Serious or somber theme: Check.
Compared with these strict rules, Shakespeare's tragedy is a more relaxed genre, but Othello much more than, for example, the sprawling Hamlet, observes the spirit of Aristotle. Othello, apart from Act I in Venice, is located entirely within the fortress at Cyprus.