A mechanical wave is a wave that needs a medium (type of substance such as gas, liquid or solid) to travel through. Transverse waves move the medium perpendicular to the energy. Transverse waves are like ocean waves. Electromagnetic waves are waves that don't need a medium to travel on. Electromagnetic waves can be transverse or longitudinal.
Transverse and longitudinal waves. You should be able to describe the characteristics of transverse and longitudinal waves. Transverse waves. Light and other types of electromagnetic radiation are transverse waves. Water waves and S waves (a type of seismic wave) are also transverse waves. In transverse waves, the vibrations are at right angles to the direction of travel.
Transverse, Longitudinal, and Surface Waves Transverse Waves A Transverse Wave is a type of Mechanical Wave.The matter in the wave moves back and forth at right angles to the direction that the wave travels.The transverse waves highest point is called the crest and the lowest point is the trough.
A transverse wave is a moving wave that consists of oscillations occurring perpendicular (right angled) to the direction of energy transfer (or the propagation of the wave). If a transverse wave is moving in the positive x-direction, its oscillations are in up and down directions that lie in the y–z plane.
There are two basic types of wave motion for mechanical waves: longitudinal waves and transverse waves. The animations below demonstrate both types of wave and illustrate the difference between the motion of the wave and the motion of the particles in the medium through which the wave is travelling.