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Types of Tubas

Baritone Horn
Baritone Horn

The baritone horn, or sometimes just called baritone, is a low-pitched brass instrument in the saxhorn family. It is a piston-valve brass instrument with a bore that is mostly conical, like the flugelhorn and alto (tenor) horn, but is narrower than the conical bore of the euphonium.

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Contrabass Bugle
Contrabass Bugle

The contrabass bugle (usually shortened to contra or simply called the marching tuba) is the lowest-pitched instrument in the drum and bugle corps and marching band hornline. It is essentially the drum corps' counterpart to the marching band's sousaphone: the lowest-pitched member of the hornline, and a replacement for the concert tuba on the marching field.

Euphonium
Euphonium

Euphonium and tuba are two of the lowest brass instruments. Many people tend to confuse these two instruments since they have a wide conical bore; however, their size is a notable key difference between euphonium and tuba.

Helicon
Helicon

The helicon is a brass musical instrument in the tuba family. Most are B ♭ basses, but they also commonly exist in E ♭, F, and tenor sizes, as well as other types to a lesser extent. The sousaphone is a specialized version of the helicon.

Saxhorn
Saxhorn

Tuba The saxhorn is a family of valved brass instruments that have conical bores and deep cup-shaped mouthpieces. The saxhorn family was developed by Adolphe Sax, who is also known for creating the saxophone family.

Sousaphone
Sousaphone

The tuba’s bell may face straight up or be bent forward; the sousaphone bell points straight forward for maximum volume. Tubas are made of brass, while some sousaphones are made of fiberglass, which is lighter in weight.

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Subcontrabass Tuba
Subcontrabass Tuba

The subcontrabass tuba is an extension of the tuba family within the modern contrabass tuba. At least five known examples have been created, all pitched in BBBb, sounding a full octave lower than standard BBb contrabass tubas.

Wagner Tuba
Wagner Tuba

The Wagner tuba is an infrequently-used brass instrument that combines tonal elements of both the French horn and the trombone. Wagner tubas (or Wagnertuben) are also referred to as Wagner horns or Bayreuth tubas in English and as Bayreuth-Tuben or simply Tuben in German.