Like many other plants in tundra, the arctic moss is not native to any specific continent. They grow mainly in the arctic tundra in Siberia, northern hemisphere, and other places where there is a very cold environment with strong winds up to 100 miles per hour.
~ The Arctic Willow is a small shrub that is well adapted to grow in harsh arctic conditions. ~In fact, it is the only woody plant in the world that can grow well above the tree line. ~ Arctic Willows have male and female plants, you can tell by the color of the catkins (flower clusters).
The bearberry plants have made many adaptations that allow for success in their tundra biome. It is a very short plant which helps it avoid the substandard climate. Compromising of thick, weather-beaten leaves covered in fine, silky hair is another adaptation to the freezing temperatures.
On the tundra the diamond-leaf willow is known by the Inupiat name Sura. Sura grows near creeks, marshes or other wet areas. Young leaves are picked in the spring, before they become bitter and hard. They can be used in seal oil to add vitamins. Seal oil is also used to preserve the leaves. Willow leaves can also be dried and used in tea and in soup as flavoring.