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Types of Tundra

Arctic Moss
Arctic Moss

Like many other plants in tundra, the arctic moss is not native to any specific continent. They grow mainly in the arctic tundra in Siberia, northern hemisphere, and other places where there is a very cold environment with strong winds up to 100 miles per hour.

Arctic Willow
Arctic Willow

~ The Arctic Willow is a small shrub that is well adapted to grow in harsh arctic conditions. ~In fact, it is the only woody plant in the world that can grow well above the tree line. ~ Arctic Willows have male and female plants, you can tell by the color of the catkins (flower clusters).

Bearberry
Bearberry

The bearberry plants have made many adaptations that allow for success in their tundra biome. It is a very short plant which helps it avoid the substandard climate. Compromising of thick, weather-beaten leaves covered in fine, silky hair is another adaptation to the freezing temperatures.

Caribou Moss
Caribou Moss

Caribou moss grows in arctic and northern regions around the world. It grows on the ground and on rocks. It looks like a foamy, gray-green spongy mass, and grows to be 1 to 4 inches high.

Diamond Leaf
Diamond Leaf

On the tundra the diamond-leaf willow is known by the Inupiat name Sura. Sura grows near creeks, marshes or other wet areas. Young leaves are picked in the spring, before they become bitter and hard. They can be used in seal oil to add vitamins. Seal oil is also used to preserve the leaves. Willow leaves can also be dried and used in tea and in soup as flavoring.

Labrador Tea
Labrador Tea

The Labrador tea plant grows to be 4 to 5 feet. It will grow up straight in the southern latitudes of the tundra, but in the colder northern latitudes it will creep over the ground forming a carpet.

image: flickr.com
Pasque Flower
Pasque Flower

Pasque flower is a pretty tundra plant. It is a member of the Ranunculaceae family, which is Latin for little frog. The name was given to the family because a group of plants in this family grow where frogs live.

Tufted Saxifrage
Tufted Saxifrage

Scientific Name: Saxifrage cespitosa ~ The Tufted Saxifrag has several straight flower stems which can get 3-15 cm high. ~Two to ten flowers bloom from the top of each stem.