A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere. This region is referred to as the Northwestern Pacific Basin, and is the most active tropical cyclone basin on Earth, accounting for almost one-third of the world's annual tropical cyclones.
Category 5 Typhoons: Pure Devastation With values ranging from 1 to 5, the Saffir-Sampson Hurricane Wind scale rates typhoons based on their wind speeds. A category 5 typhoon can swirl with wind speeds equal to or greater than 157 miles per hour.
The Power of Storm Surges Super Typhoon Haiyan, a category 5 storm with winds reaching 195 miles per hour, killed thousands in 2013. Typhoon Haiyan's storm surge displaced hundreds of thousands of people with water reaching about 8 feet -- higher in some locations, according to reports.