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Types of Typification

Hapantotype
Hapantotype

Definition: Typification is the process of relying on general knowledge as a way of constructing ideas about people and the social world. As we participate in social life, most of what we know of other people does not take the form of direct personal knowledge, but rather general knowledge about our social world.

source: thoughtco.com
Holotype
Holotype

In zoological nomenclature, the type of a species (or subspecies) is a specimen (or series of specimens), the type of a genus (or subgenus) is a species, and the type of a suprageneric taxon (e.g., family, etc.) is a genus.

Lectotype
Lectotype

A lectotype is a specimen or illustration designated from the original material as the nomenclatural type, in conformity with Art. 9.11 and 9.12, if no holotype was indicated at the time of publication, or if the holotype is missing, or if a type is found to belong to more than one taxon (see also Art. 9.14).

Neotype
Neotype

In zoological nomenclature, the type of a species (or subspecies) is a specimen (or series of specimens), the type of a genus (or subgenus) is a species, and the type of a suprageneric taxon (e.g., family, etc.) is a genus.

image: nhm.ac.uk
Syntype
Syntype

Typification is a process of creating standard (typical) social construction based on standard assumptions. Discrimination based on typification is called typism.

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