Bat-Eared Fox (Otocyon megalotis) The Bat-Eared Fox is so named due to its distinctive large ears. These are used to locate termites, which form up to 80% of its diet. The two subspecies of Bat-Eared fox live in geographically separate regions. One is in southern Africa, the other in east Africa. The Bat-Eared Fox population is stable, and the species is rated Least Concern.
The black-backed jackal is an African canid (a member of the dog family Canidae). It has remained virtually unchanged since the Pleistocene Epoch that ended around 11,700 years ago. The species’ success is largely down to its adaptability; it is a generalist species, and isn’t reliant on any one food source or habitat.
A coydog (sometimes called dogote) is a canid hybrid resulting from a mating between a coyote and a dog. The term is sometimes mistakenly used for coywolves, which are common in northeast North America, whereas true coydogs are only occasionally found in the wild.
The dingo (Canis familiaris or Canis familiaris dingo or Canis lupus dingo or Canis dingo) is a type of feral dog native to Australia. Its taxonomic status is debated. The first British colonists to arrive established a settlement at Port Jackson in 1788 and recorded dingoes living there with indigenous Australians.
Fennec Fox (Vulpes zerda) The Fennec Fox is the smallest member of the dog family, weighing only 1 to 1.5 kg (2.2 to 3.3 lb). It has pale, orange-white fur and oversized ears, which look huge compared to its small body. The Fennec Fox’s large ears help it to stay cool by dissipating heat.
Golden Jackal (Canis aureus) The Golden Jackal looks like a small wolf, and is more closely related to the grey wolf than it is to the other two jackal species. The Golden Jackal’s range covers parts of Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. The adaptable Golden Jackal can live in dry habitats and is capable of hunting and scavenging for food.
A wolf is Canis lupus - also known as the gray wolf, the most widespread species of canine in the world. A wild dog is a wild canine - the term simply refers to any non-domesticated canine, not to a specific species. (Wildcats, for example, can be bobcats, tigers, lions, etc - they’re all wildcats).
Interbreeding with dogs. Experiments in Germany with breeding poodles and golden jackals have produced hybrids. The results showed that, unlike wolf–dog hybrids, jackal–dog hybrids show a decrease in fertility, significant communication problems, and an increase of genetic disorders after three generations of interbreeding, much like coydogs.
The raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides, from the Greek words nukt-, "night" + ereutēs, "wanderer" + prokuōn, "before-dog" [but in New Latin used to mean "raccoon"] + -oidēs, "similar to"), also known as the mangut (its Evenki name) or tanuki (its Japanese name), is a canid indigenous to East Asia.